Projekty badawcze





Wyświetleń 1 do 10 (155 Razem)

Preferences and incentives, and the effective development of the human capital:economic and neuro-psychological approach

2021/42/E/HS4/00305 - SONATA BIS

Kierownik: Gajderowicz Tomasz, Opiekun: Gloeh Anna
Początek: 2022-05-01, Koniec: 2027-05-31
Wartość projektu: 1 324 516,00 PLN

Preferences and incentives, and the effective development of the human capital:economic and neuro-psychological approach

2021/42/E/HS4/00305 - SONATA BIS

Education is recognized as one of the most important factors determining the pace of economic development.

The resources and quality of the workforce affect economic performance, the rate of technological progress, and the entiresociety’s functioning. Research on the influence of human capital on the economy is well documented both in thetheoretical and empirical literature, hence the growing need to understand the processes and mechanisms behind it.This project aims to study cognitive and neuropsychological factors influencing the mutual relationship betweenstudents’ preferences and competencies development.

This is a particularly important topic for two main reasons. First,it allows for the understanding of factors influencing the motivation of students towards the learning process and futurecareers. Second, motivation towards learning (that results from preferences) is the key factor for educational success.To shed light on this issue data set will be collected where competences would be assessed using state-of-the-artpsychometric techniques, and at the same time, preferences would be revealed with hypothetical choices method (Discrete Choice Experiment).

The novelty of this project also lies in discovering the neuropsychological andneuropsychological background of human capital formation.  Based on the theoretical and empirical literature review,the main hypotheses are as follows:  1. There is a statistically significant relationship between the results obtained bystudents and their preferences.  2. Preferences and thus the effectiveness of learning can be shaped by non-invasivebrain stimulation.  

To assess the relationship between preferences and competences both need to be measured withinone quantitative study. To measure preferences Discrete Choice Experiment (DCE) will be applied. Utility functionparameters will be estimated using Random Parameter Logistic Models. To measure educational outputs(competences), we will use a state-of-the-art psychometric approach based on the IRT model. Both imputed individual-level parameters and IRT-scaled competencies will then be used to assess the mutual relationship of the preferencesand motivation factors with competences and educational outcomes. Besides, we will use well-established internationalbenchmarks by reporting results on the scale directly comparable to OECD’s PISA international scale. 


Water-based solutions for carbon storage, people and wilderness

101036484 - HORYZONT 2020

Kierownik: Giergiczny Marek, Opiekun: Gloeh Anna
Początek: 2021-12-01, Koniec: 2026-11-30
Wartość projektu: 231 000,00 PLN

Water-based solutions for carbon storage, people and wilderness

101036484 - HORYZONT 2020

WaterLANDS aims to enable an upscaling of the restoration of wetlands. Socio-economic factors, insufficient stakeholder engagement, lack of government commitment, lack of funding and inadequate exchange of knowledge of restoration methods have all been identified as barriers to successful restoration. Consequently, most restoration has been modest in scale, has occurred mainly where there is a single landowning or responsible organisation, and has often been undertaken principally for reasons of conservation. WaterLANDS will work to overcome these barriers. It includes both Action and Knowledge Sites, the former being the object of restoration upscaling, and the latter a source of best practice experience and knowledge. To provide for local support and sustainability, it will aim for the co-design of restoration with the on-going engagement of communities and stakeholders. It will investigate best practice in ecological restoration which meets both biodiversity and social objectives and for which restoration trajectories are specific to the physical and cultural context of the Action Sites. It will propose supportive governance structures appropriate to this process and to local and national circumstances. It will identify business models, economic incentives and international funding sources and tailor or direct these resources for each site. The project will pull this expertise and knowledge together in a co-creation work package. Process-indicators will be developed to enable on-going assessment of restoration success in terms of ecosystem services, socioeconomic embedding and financial sustainability, to ensure wide-scale restoration which catalyses scalability beyond the life of the WaterLANDS project.


Rozwiązania nawadniające służące gromadzeniu węgla, ludziom i przyrodzie

536688/PnH2/2021 - Premia na Horyzoncie 2

Kierownik: Giergiczny Marek, Opiekun: Gloeh Anna
Początek: 2022-04-04, Koniec: 2026-11-30
Wartość projektu: 51 549,00 PLN

Rozwiązania nawadniające służące gromadzeniu węgla, ludziom i przyrodzie

536688/PnH2/2021 - Premia na Horyzoncie 2

Na podstawie części IV. ust. 11 komunikatu Ministra Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego z dnia 12 kwietnia 2019 r. o ustanowieniu przedsięwzięcia „Premia na Horyzoncie 2” zmienionego komunikatem Ministra Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego z dnia 18 czerwca 2020 r. o zmianie komunikatu o ustanowieniu przedsięwzięcia „Premia na Horyzoncie 2” w odpowiedzi na zgłoszenie o numerze rejestracyjnym 536688/PnH2/2021 Minister podjął decyzję o przyznaniu wsparcia finansowego podmiotowi: Uniwersytet Warszawski  przeznaczonego na dodatki do wynagrodzeń dla osób biorących udział w realizacji projektu pn. Rozwiązania nawadniające służące gromadzeniu węgla, ludziom i przyrodzie”, Akronim Waterlands, nazwa angielska „Water-based solutions for carbon storage, people and wilderness”. Projekt ten jest realizowany w ramach programu ramowego w zakresie badań naukowych i innowacji HORYZONT 2020. Kwota finansowania projektu w europejskim programie badawczym przez Unię Europejską przypadająca na Uniwersytet Warszawski wynosi 55 875 euro, natomiast kwota dofinasowanie w ramach przedsięwzięcia „Premia na Horyzoncie2” 51 549 zł.

Celem projektu WaterLANDS jest zwiększenie skali odtwarzania terenów podmokłych. Jako główne czynniki utrudniające odtwarzanie torfowisk identyfikuje się obecnie: czynniki społeczno-ekonomiczne, niewystarczające zaangażowanie interesariuszy, brak zaangażowania rządu, brak funduszy, a także niewystarczającą wymianę wiedzy o metodach odtwarzania terenów podmokłych. W związku z tym większość odtwarzanych obszarów podmokłych w poszczególnych krajach UE jest niewielka. Głównym celem WaterLANDS jest, na podstawie starannie wyselekcjonowanych studiów przypadku, dokładne zrozumienie i wskazanie zaleceń umożliwiających pokonaniem przeszkód dla zwiększenia skali odtwarzanych terenów podmokłych. W ramach WaterLANDS zostaną zbadane najlepsze praktyki i instrumenty finansowe, które są i mogą być pomocne w odtwarzaniu terenów podmokłych, i które spełniają cele związane z ochroną różnorodności biologicznej, jak i cele społeczne.


The impact of COVID-19 on public support for the EU (COVIDEU)

62-0000547 - Volkswagenstiftung

Kierownik: Krawczyk Michał, Opiekun: Cedro Monika
Początek: 2022-01-01, Koniec: 2025-12-31
Wartość projektu: 963 900,00 PLN

The impact of COVID-19 on public support for the EU (COVIDEU)

62-0000547 - Volkswagenstiftung

People compare national and EU responses and take cues from domestic governments, political parties and the media when forming opinions about the EU. The project COVIDEU will study the impact of the pandemic on these opinions through six work packages that are clustered around three main questions:

  1. How have the policy measures adopted by national governments and EU institutions affected eurosceptic attitudes, European solidarity and the performance of Eurosceptic parties?
  2. How have political actors, governments, political parties and social movements, influenced EU support? 
  3. How have media framing and fake news influenced public support?

 To answer these questions, an interdisciplinary team of leading scholars from political science, sociology and economics will use an original multi-method approach combining survey, observational and geocoded data with natural, survey and field experiments as well as innovative natural language processing technologies.


Globalization- and Technology-Driven Labour Market Change and Fertility - LABFER

866207 - HORYZONT 2020

Kierownik: Matysiak Anna, Opiekun: Wielgopolan Anna
Początek: 2020-10-01, Koniec: 2025-09-30
Wartość projektu: 8 400 000,00 PLN

Globalization- and Technology-Driven Labour Market Change and Fertility - LABFER

866207 - HORYZONT 2020

labfer-04.02.jpgLABFER is the first project that will comprehensively describe and evaluate fertility consequences of the unprecedented changes in the labour market, caused by digitalisation and globalisation.

These changes have been taking place during the last three decades and intensified after the Great Recession. They are reflected in: rising demand for skills, massive worker displacement, spread of new work arrangements, increasing work demands and growing inequalities in labour market prospects between the low-and-medium and the highly skilled. They are likely driving the post-crisis fertility decline in the most advanced nations, which is to date not understood. LABFER is thus highly relevant and timely. It has four main objectives:

1) to study the impact of the ongoing labour market change on fertility (macro-level);

2) to examine the individual-level mechanisms behind the observed macro-level fertility effects of the ongoing labour market change;

3) to investigate the role of the growing inequalities between the low-and-medium and the highly skilled for the relative fertility patterns of the two groups;

4) to study the role of family and employment policies in moderating the fertility effects of the labour market change. Our methodological approach is innovative. We will link data at several layers of observation (country, region, industry, firm, couple and individual) to account for the policy, work and family context of childbearing.

PROJECT WEBSITE: https://labfer.uw.edu.pl

BUDGET: 1 998 100 EUR (ca. 8 400 000 PLN)

We will also use novel labour market measures to capture the ongoing labour market change. Mixture cure models will be employed to separate the effects of covariates on birth timing and probability that the birth occurs. LABFER will break the ground by providing understanding of how the dynamic labour market changes are associated with and potentially affect the current and future fertility dynamics and its socio-economic gradients. It will also have implications for family and employment policies.


Economic analysis of competition for attention - the case of digital entertainment sectors

UMO-2020/39/B/HS4/01015 - OPUS

Kierownik: Hardy Wojciech, Opiekun: Cichocka Agnieszka
Początek: 2021-09-01, Koniec: 2025-09-01
Wartość projektu: 689 240,00 PLN

Economic analysis of competition for attention - the case of digital entertainment sectors

UMO-2020/39/B/HS4/01015 - OPUS

Digital transformation empowered services relying on consumers’ time and focus. With the growth of these new typesof markets, the goal shifted from direct sales to moDigital transformation empowered services relying on consumers’ time and focus. With the growth of these new typesof markets, the goal shifted from direct sales to monetization of attention. This increasingly popular strategy hasbecome the core of digital entertainment sectors. A recent HBR article[1] argues such strategy should extend to otherser

Digital transformation empowered services relying on consumers’ time and focus. With the growth of these new typesof markets, the goal shifted from direct sales to monetization of attention. This increasingly popular strategy has become the core of digital entertainment sectors.

The overabundant creative content becomes increasingly disaggregated across providers, straining the scarce attention supply.

Moreover, all content now takes from the same pool of attention, implying a cross-sector competition.This change in paradigms has received little to no academic scrutiny. Existing studies rarely consider limited attention orcross-sector competition or at best rely on self-reported behaviour data or are theoretical in nature. Yet the speed of changes and attention scarcity affect the market dynamics, consumers privacy concerns and firms strategy.

The project aims to expand the current understanding of attention economics within the context of digital entertainment sectors.


Risks, Resources and Inequalities: Increasing Resilience in European Families

101060410 - HORIZON EUROPE

Kierownik: Matysiak Anna, Opiekun: Wielgopolan Anna
Początek: 2022-09-01, Koniec: 2025-08-31
Wartość projektu: 2 317 925,00 PLN

Risks, Resources and Inequalities: Increasing Resilience in European Families

101060410 - HORIZON EUROPE

The problem that rEUsilience tackles is of lack of adaptive capacities or resilience in some families. The context is of fast-paced changes in labour markets to which families are key responsive mechanisms, cushioning potentially negative impacts and enabling/disabling risk-taking. But some families cannot respond.

The project answers 2 research questions:

What challenges and difficulties are created or exacerbated for families by labour markets in the ‘new world of work’ and how do families try to overcome them?

How do policies contribute to family resilience especially in terms of their inclusiveness, flexibility and complementarity?

To answer these questions rEUsilience looks at what different families actually do in situations calling for adaptiveness (e.g., need to change labour supply, need to engage in training) and places this in a social and policy context through both pan-European analyses of existing data and new focus group research in 6 different countries (BE, ES, HR, PL, SE, UK). The project will identify the level of risk and socioeconomic insecurity faced by families across Europe, their relative capacity to absorb socio-economic shocks and the role of policy. The project is organised in 2 pillars: a Stocktaking pillar and a Policy Lab. The pillars are designed to closely interlink in terms of evidence flow and mission, to share some methodologies and to have inbuilt pathways to impact. The Lab involves citizens and
experts directly in policy review and problem solution and also uses simulations and other methods to road-test policy solutions. Among the outputs are: a compendium of the risk situation of Europe's families, a series of dynamic analyses of actual risk behaviour, accounts from families about how they view risk-taking and trade-offs between work and care, critical reviews of policies, a
questionnaire on family resilience taken to proof of concept stage, a set of policy proposals and roadmaps for their implementation.


Utilizing stated-preference based valuation methods for cultural heritage management: conservation vs.adaptive re-use of immovable objects

UMO-2021/41/N/HS4/04321 - PRELUDIUM

Kierownik: Jusypenko Bartosz, Opiekun: Wielgopolan Anna
Początek: 2022-02-01, Koniec: 2025-01-31
Wartość projektu: 168 604,00 PLN

Utilizing stated-preference based valuation methods for cultural heritage management: conservation vs.adaptive re-use of immovable objects

UMO-2021/41/N/HS4/04321 - PRELUDIUM

This research project focuses on the exponentially growing number of immovable cultural heritage objects facing the threat of demolition or neglect. Given the financial constraints, passive protection (conservation or renovation) of some facilities might prove to be unjustifiable or impossible to ensure. Hence, adaptive re-use may be the only opportunity to preserve them. This controversial compromise between socially desirable option and conservation issues assuming minimal architectural interventions makes heritage management more complex in terms of decision making.

The theory of economics has developed several methods that, under certain conditions, could become a helpful and adequate tool for those responsible for shaping cultural policies.

The general objective of this research is to learn consumers’ preferences towards management of immovable heritage objects such as buildings of high architectural or historical importance. Social benefits from both passive conservation and the adaptive-re-use programs, together with potential changes in attributes related to these programs, will be estimated and demonstrated in quantitative terms. The analysis will concern stated preferences (SP) of visitors (direct users of heritage objects) and non-visitors (those who gain only passive-use benefits). Further research also aims to test
the transferability of the estimated values between different regions and objects, leading to a more justifiable fund allocation.
The project will propose a novel approach to non-market valuation of cultural heritage expected to fill the research gap identified through our thorough literature review. Results will provide an empirical and methodological contribution to cultural economics, which is fledgeling to elucidate valuation guidelines, and its role in shaping cultural policies has been diminished so far.


The monitoring of innovation performance of firms and regulatory impact assessment: developing tools to support economic policy

GOSPOSTRATEG-VI/0029/2021-00 - GOSPOSTRATEG

Początek: 2022-02-01, Koniec: 2025-01-31
Wartość projektu: 2 847 680,00 PLN

The monitoring of innovation performance of firms and regulatory impact assessment: developing tools to support economic policy

GOSPOSTRATEG-VI/0029/2021-00 - GOSPOSTRATEG

The project involves the development and testing of a range of analytical tools that can be used in the design and correction of economic policy, especially tax policy in its broadest sense. For each of the thematic areas - the impact of tax credits and reporting obligations on innovation, the transfer of profits abroad, the spillover effects of foreign firms, the start-up of economic activity by individuals and the legal form of this activity, the innovativeness of micro-enterprises, the balance of payments methodology - a similar methodological scheme will be used.

The first stage will be a literature review and/or preparation of databases for the project. In the project it is foreseen to use, in the form of individual or processed data, the following CSO data sets: Household Budget Survey (BBGD), Report on Research and Development Activities (PNT-01), Report on Innovations in Industry (PNT-02) and Services (PNT-02/u), Report on Business Activities of Enterprises (SP-3).

In the part of basic research devoted to the literature review, meta-analysis will be applied (statistical analysis of the stability of results obtained in the literature, cf. Borenstein et al. 2021). This will make it possible to prepare 2 diagnoses and an operational document - a methodological report with recommendations for the preparation of balance sheet components crucial for measuring the scale of profit-shifting. 

 


Accuracy of travel cost method in non-market valuation of public goods

UMO-2020/37/B/HS4/01517 - OPUS

Kierownik: Zawojska Ewa, Opiekun: Cedro Monika
Początek: 2021-01-14, Koniec: 2025-01-13
Wartość projektu: 525 660,00 PLN

Accuracy of travel cost method in non-market valuation of public goods

UMO-2020/37/B/HS4/01517 - OPUS

Public goods, for example, parks such as Pieniny National Park, monuments such as those in Łazienki Park in Warsaw, and cultural sites such as UNESCO-listed wooden tserkvas of the Carpathian region, bring benefits to society, but also generate costs (e.g., maintenance). Understanding how valuable these goods are to people is important for determining how much money governments should spend on their provision. The values, expressed in money, that public goods provide to society inform what quantities and characteristics of public goods are most desired. For example, they can reveal whether people like a nearby park being developed with more hiking or biking trails. The challenging task, however, is to calculate the values that public goods deliver in monetary terms. For many goods, price can help estimate their value. But public goods are not bought or sold in markets (they are so-called non-market goods), so they do not have prices that could be used for
determining their value. This leads to challenges in understanding the benefits people receive from public goods.
Economists have developed several methods for estimating the value of goods that are not traded in markets, such as public goods. Among them, the travel cost method is one of the most popular approaches. The main idea behind this method is that to access public goods, people travel and need to bear the costs of the travel. These costs include various out of pocket expenses, such as the cost of gas and wear and tear on the vehicle, as well as the cost of time spent on the travel, among others. A person will decide for a travel to a site only if the benefits from accessing the site are at least as great as the costs. In the travel cost method, we use the travel cost information in a behavioral model to estimate what value people gain from visiting a site, which is linked
to a public good. For example, if someone travels past a park with a dirty lake to visit a nearly identical park with a clean lake, this may suggest that a clean lake is more valuable. The increase in the costs because of travelling to the clean lake can be used to value a better lake water quality to people. While travel cost studies have been used in policy contexts around the world, hardly any research has examined if the travel cost value estimates are accurate--if they measure well the actual value. This project aims at filling this research gap. The novel contribution of this project to the existing knowledge will be a comprehensive and systematic assessment of the accuracy of value estimates derived from the travel cost method. The fundamental research question is: does the travel cost method deliver accurate estimates of the value of public goods?
The accuracy will be examined along two aspects—reliability and validity. Reliability assessments measure whether the value estimate is precise or imprecise. Validity assessments inform whether the value estimate is biased or unbiased in any systematic way, such as always overestimating or underestimating the true value. In the face of paucity of scientific work in this area, we will develop a novel framework and tools for assessing the accuracy of travel cost value estimates and apply them to empirical studies. This way, the project will address an essential research gap in the existing literature on valuation of public goods.
 


Wyświetleń 1 do 10 (155 Razem)