Projekty badawcze





Wyświetleń 1 do 10 (158 Razem)

Preferences and incentives, and the effective development of the human capital:economic and neuro-psychological approach

2021/42/E/HS4/00305 - SONATA BIS

Kierownik: Gajderowicz Tomasz, Opiekun: Gloeh Anna
Początek: 2022-05-01, Koniec: 2027-05-31
Wartość projektu: 1 324 516,00 PLN

Preferences and incentives, and the effective development of the human capital:economic and neuro-psychological approach

2021/42/E/HS4/00305 - SONATA BIS

Education is recognized as one of the most important factors determining the pace of economic development.

The resources and quality of the workforce affect economic performance, the rate of technological progress, and the entiresociety’s functioning. Research on the influence of human capital on the economy is well documented both in thetheoretical and empirical literature, hence the growing need to understand the processes and mechanisms behind it.This project aims to study cognitive and neuropsychological factors influencing the mutual relationship betweenstudents’ preferences and competencies development.

This is a particularly important topic for two main reasons. First,it allows for the understanding of factors influencing the motivation of students towards the learning process and futurecareers. Second, motivation towards learning (that results from preferences) is the key factor for educational success.To shed light on this issue data set will be collected where competences would be assessed using state-of-the-artpsychometric techniques, and at the same time, preferences would be revealed with hypothetical choices method (Discrete Choice Experiment).

The novelty of this project also lies in discovering the neuropsychological andneuropsychological background of human capital formation.  Based on the theoretical and empirical literature review,the main hypotheses are as follows:  1. There is a statistically significant relationship between the results obtained bystudents and their preferences.  2. Preferences and thus the effectiveness of learning can be shaped by non-invasivebrain stimulation.  

To assess the relationship between preferences and competences both need to be measured withinone quantitative study. To measure preferences Discrete Choice Experiment (DCE) will be applied. Utility functionparameters will be estimated using Random Parameter Logistic Models. To measure educational outputs(competences), we will use a state-of-the-art psychometric approach based on the IRT model. Both imputed individual-level parameters and IRT-scaled competencies will then be used to assess the mutual relationship of the preferencesand motivation factors with competences and educational outcomes. Besides, we will use well-established internationalbenchmarks by reporting results on the scale directly comparable to OECD’s PISA international scale. 


Water-based solutions for carbon storage, people and wilderness

101036484 - HORYZONT 2020

Kierownik: Giergiczny Marek, Opiekun: Gloeh Anna
Początek: 2021-12-01, Koniec: 2026-11-30
Wartość projektu: 231 000,00 PLN

Water-based solutions for carbon storage, people and wilderness

101036484 - HORYZONT 2020

WaterLANDS aims to enable an upscaling of the restoration of wetlands. Socio-economic factors, insufficient stakeholder engagement, lack of government commitment, lack of funding and inadequate exchange of knowledge of restoration methods have all been identified as barriers to successful restoration. Consequently, most restoration has been modest in scale, has occurred mainly where there is a single landowning or responsible organisation, and has often been undertaken principally for reasons of conservation. WaterLANDS will work to overcome these barriers. It includes both Action and Knowledge Sites, the former being the object of restoration upscaling, and the latter a source of best practice experience and knowledge. To provide for local support and sustainability, it will aim for the co-design of restoration with the on-going engagement of communities and stakeholders. It will investigate best practice in ecological restoration which meets both biodiversity and social objectives and for which restoration trajectories are specific to the physical and cultural context of the Action Sites. It will propose supportive governance structures appropriate to this process and to local and national circumstances. It will identify business models, economic incentives and international funding sources and tailor or direct these resources for each site. The project will pull this expertise and knowledge together in a co-creation work package. Process-indicators will be developed to enable on-going assessment of restoration success in terms of ecosystem services, socioeconomic embedding and financial sustainability, to ensure wide-scale restoration which catalyses scalability beyond the life of the WaterLANDS project.


Rozwiązania nawadniające służące gromadzeniu węgla, ludziom i przyrodzie

536688/PnH2/2021 - Premia na Horyzoncie 2

Kierownik: Giergiczny Marek, Opiekun: Gloeh Anna
Początek: 2022-04-04, Koniec: 2026-11-30
Wartość projektu: 51 549,00 PLN

Rozwiązania nawadniające służące gromadzeniu węgla, ludziom i przyrodzie

536688/PnH2/2021 - Premia na Horyzoncie 2

Na podstawie części IV. ust. 11 komunikatu Ministra Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego z dnia 12 kwietnia 2019 r. o ustanowieniu przedsięwzięcia „Premia na Horyzoncie 2” zmienionego komunikatem Ministra Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego z dnia 18 czerwca 2020 r. o zmianie komunikatu o ustanowieniu przedsięwzięcia „Premia na Horyzoncie 2” w odpowiedzi na zgłoszenie o numerze rejestracyjnym 536688/PnH2/2021 Minister podjął decyzję o przyznaniu wsparcia finansowego podmiotowi: Uniwersytet Warszawski  przeznaczonego na dodatki do wynagrodzeń dla osób biorących udział w realizacji projektu pn. Rozwiązania nawadniające służące gromadzeniu węgla, ludziom i przyrodzie”, Akronim Waterlands, nazwa angielska „Water-based solutions for carbon storage, people and wilderness”. Projekt ten jest realizowany w ramach programu ramowego w zakresie badań naukowych i innowacji HORYZONT 2020. Kwota finansowania projektu w europejskim programie badawczym przez Unię Europejską przypadająca na Uniwersytet Warszawski wynosi 55 875 euro, natomiast kwota dofinasowanie w ramach przedsięwzięcia „Premia na Horyzoncie2” 51 549 zł.

Celem projektu WaterLANDS jest zwiększenie skali odtwarzania terenów podmokłych. Jako główne czynniki utrudniające odtwarzanie torfowisk identyfikuje się obecnie: czynniki społeczno-ekonomiczne, niewystarczające zaangażowanie interesariuszy, brak zaangażowania rządu, brak funduszy, a także niewystarczającą wymianę wiedzy o metodach odtwarzania terenów podmokłych. W związku z tym większość odtwarzanych obszarów podmokłych w poszczególnych krajach UE jest niewielka. Głównym celem WaterLANDS jest, na podstawie starannie wyselekcjonowanych studiów przypadku, dokładne zrozumienie i wskazanie zaleceń umożliwiających pokonaniem przeszkód dla zwiększenia skali odtwarzanych terenów podmokłych. W ramach WaterLANDS zostaną zbadane najlepsze praktyki i instrumenty finansowe, które są i mogą być pomocne w odtwarzaniu terenów podmokłych, i które spełniają cele związane z ochroną różnorodności biologicznej, jak i cele społeczne.


Food Provision through Sustainable Farming Systems and Value Chains (VISIONARY)

101060538 - HORIZON EUROPE

Kierownik: Czajkowski Mikołaj, Opiekun: Gloeh Anna
Początek: 2022-09-01, Koniec: 2026-08-31
Wartość projektu: 2 716 300,00 PLN

Food Provision through Sustainable Farming Systems and Value Chains (VISIONARY)

101060538 - HORIZON EUROPE

VISIONARY wants to make a difference in food system transitions, by identifying what factors underlie the path dependencies and ‘lock-ins’ in current unsustainable food systems, and showing how these can be overcome. VISIONARY will tackle both, policy and business shifts as drivers that are necessary to make a change at the system level.  

The project aims to improve the sustainability of agriculture by promoting practices in food production systems that are more environmentally friendly, economically viable and socio-culturally appropriate. VISIONARY focuses on existing initiatives, practices and (policy) interventions (case studies) that are still niche or small-scale, and investigates the barriers to scaling up and out.

Case studies cover value chain examples with a differing complexity, different environmental policy transitions pathways  and existing agri-food system examples, namely the shift to organic farming and more plant-based protein production and consumption. At its core, VISIONARY uses methods from experimental and behavioural economics to identify barriers and appropriate behavioural interventions (nudges, education, incentives) for farmers and consumers.  

The novelty of VISIONARY lies in the combination of experimental methods with a systems thinking approach, considering the whole agri-food system as an influence on farmer decisions. The innovative combination of quantitative and qualitative data from a variety of methods is our important methodological contribution to more system based research.

Comparability will be achieved by applying the same or similar methods across  case studies in Germany, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Italy, Spain, Denmark and the UK. In order to achieve improved capacities, for researchers in behavioural and experimental research, as well as for policy makers and value chain actors to, utilise such research, VISIONARY will work with these actors in Science-Policy-Interfaces set up alongside the case studies. 


The impact of COVID-19 on public support for the EU (COVIDEU)

62-0000547 - Volkswagenstiftung

Kierownik: Krawczyk Michał, Opiekun: Cedro Monika
Początek: 2022-01-01, Koniec: 2025-12-31
Wartość projektu: 963 900,00 PLN

The impact of COVID-19 on public support for the EU (COVIDEU)

62-0000547 - Volkswagenstiftung

People compare national and EU responses and take cues from domestic governments, political parties and the media when forming opinions about the EU. The project COVIDEU will study the impact of the pandemic on these opinions through six work packages that are clustered around three main questions:

  1. How have the policy measures adopted by national governments and EU institutions affected eurosceptic attitudes, European solidarity and the performance of Eurosceptic parties?
  2. How have political actors, governments, political parties and social movements, influenced EU support? 
  3. How have media framing and fake news influenced public support?

 To answer these questions, an interdisciplinary team of leading scholars from political science, sociology and economics will use an original multi-method approach combining survey, observational and geocoded data with natural, survey and field experiments as well as innovative natural language processing technologies.


Globalization- and Technology-Driven Labour Market Change and Fertility - LABFER

866207 - HORYZONT 2020

Kierownik: Matysiak Anna, Opiekun: Wielgopolan Anna
Początek: 2020-10-01, Koniec: 2025-09-30
Wartość projektu: 8 400 000,00 PLN

Globalization- and Technology-Driven Labour Market Change and Fertility - LABFER

866207 - HORYZONT 2020

labfer-04.02.jpgLABFER is the first project that will comprehensively describe and evaluate fertility consequences of the unprecedented changes in the labour market, caused by digitalisation and globalisation.

These changes have been taking place during the last three decades and intensified after the Great Recession. They are reflected in: rising demand for skills, massive worker displacement, spread of new work arrangements, increasing work demands and growing inequalities in labour market prospects between the low-and-medium and the highly skilled. They are likely driving the post-crisis fertility decline in the most advanced nations, which is to date not understood. LABFER is thus highly relevant and timely. It has four main objectives:

1) to study the impact of the ongoing labour market change on fertility (macro-level);

2) to examine the individual-level mechanisms behind the observed macro-level fertility effects of the ongoing labour market change;

3) to investigate the role of the growing inequalities between the low-and-medium and the highly skilled for the relative fertility patterns of the two groups;

4) to study the role of family and employment policies in moderating the fertility effects of the labour market change. Our methodological approach is innovative. We will link data at several layers of observation (country, region, industry, firm, couple and individual) to account for the policy, work and family context of childbearing.

PROJECT WEBSITE: https://labfer.uw.edu.pl

BUDGET: 1 998 100 EUR (ca. 8 400 000 PLN)

We will also use novel labour market measures to capture the ongoing labour market change. Mixture cure models will be employed to separate the effects of covariates on birth timing and probability that the birth occurs. LABFER will break the ground by providing understanding of how the dynamic labour market changes are associated with and potentially affect the current and future fertility dynamics and its socio-economic gradients. It will also have implications for family and employment policies.


Economic analysis of competition for attention - the case of digital entertainment sectors

UMO-2020/39/B/HS4/01015 - OPUS

Kierownik: Hardy Wojciech, Opiekun: Cichocka Agnieszka
Początek: 2021-09-01, Koniec: 2025-09-01
Wartość projektu: 689 240,00 PLN

Economic analysis of competition for attention - the case of digital entertainment sectors

UMO-2020/39/B/HS4/01015 - OPUS

Digital transformation empowered services relying on consumers’ time and focus. With the growth of these new typesof markets, the goal shifted from direct sales to moDigital transformation empowered services relying on consumers’ time and focus. With the growth of these new typesof markets, the goal shifted from direct sales to monetization of attention. This increasingly popular strategy hasbecome the core of digital entertainment sectors. A recent HBR article[1] argues such strategy should extend to otherser

Digital transformation empowered services relying on consumers’ time and focus. With the growth of these new typesof markets, the goal shifted from direct sales to monetization of attention. This increasingly popular strategy has become the core of digital entertainment sectors.

The overabundant creative content becomes increasingly disaggregated across providers, straining the scarce attention supply.

Moreover, all content now takes from the same pool of attention, implying a cross-sector competition.This change in paradigms has received little to no academic scrutiny. Existing studies rarely consider limited attention orcross-sector competition or at best rely on self-reported behaviour data or are theoretical in nature. Yet the speed of changes and attention scarcity affect the market dynamics, consumers privacy concerns and firms strategy.

The project aims to expand the current understanding of attention economics within the context of digital entertainment sectors.


Risks, Resources and Inequalities: Increasing Resilience in European Families

101060410 - HORIZON EUROPE

Kierownik: Matysiak Anna, Opiekun: Wielgopolan Anna
Początek: 2022-09-01, Koniec: 2025-08-31
Wartość projektu: 2 317 925,00 PLN

Risks, Resources and Inequalities: Increasing Resilience in European Families

101060410 - HORIZON EUROPE

The problem that rEUsilience tackles is of lack of adaptive capacities or resilience in some families. The context is of fast-paced changes in labour markets to which families are key responsive mechanisms, cushioning potentially negative impacts and enabling/disabling risk-taking. But some families cannot respond.

The project answers 2 research questions:

What challenges and difficulties are created or exacerbated for families by labour markets in the ‘new world of work’ and how do families try to overcome them?

How do policies contribute to family resilience especially in terms of their inclusiveness, flexibility and complementarity?

To answer these questions rEUsilience looks at what different families actually do in situations calling for adaptiveness (e.g., need to change labour supply, need to engage in training) and places this in a social and policy context through both pan-European analyses of existing data and new focus group research in 6 different countries (BE, ES, HR, PL, SE, UK). The project will identify the level of risk and socioeconomic insecurity faced by families across Europe, their relative capacity to absorb socio-economic shocks and the role of policy. The project is organised in 2 pillars: a Stocktaking pillar and a Policy Lab. The pillars are designed to closely interlink in terms of evidence flow and mission, to share some methodologies and to have inbuilt pathways to impact. The Lab involves citizens and
experts directly in policy review and problem solution and also uses simulations and other methods to road-test policy solutions. Among the outputs are: a compendium of the risk situation of Europe's families, a series of dynamic analyses of actual risk behaviour, accounts from families about how they view risk-taking and trade-offs between work and care, critical reviews of policies, a
questionnaire on family resilience taken to proof of concept stage, a set of policy proposals and roadmaps for their implementation.


Domestic and international effects of quantitative easing

UMO-2021/43/B/HS4/00355 - OPUS

Kierownik: Wesołowski Grzegorz, Opiekun: Gloeh Anna
Początek: 2022-07-04, Koniec: 2025-07-03
Wartość projektu: 512 436,00 PLN

Domestic and international effects of quantitative easing

UMO-2021/43/B/HS4/00355 - OPUS

The goal of this project is twofold. First, we aim to provide new empirical evidence on (i) the effects of quantitativeeasing (QE) undertaken by major central banks in advanced economies on other open economies; and (ii) the domesticeffects of QE undertaken by central banks in small open economies, including emerging market economies. Second, weplan to propose an original theoretical framework that, by incorporating bonds with different maturities and assetmarket segmentation into a general equilibrium model, will allow for an analysis of macroeconomic effects of large scaleasset purchases, their international spillovers, and their interactions with fiscal policy.The project will verify the following main hypotheses:

1. International spillovers of conventional and unconventional monetary policy can significantly differ from each other;

2. The direction of monetary policy spillovers crucially depends on: (i) monetary reaction in the recipient country, (ii) thestructure of the local bond market,  (iii) the degree of its integration with international bond markets, and (iv) the typeof the small economy (advanced/emerging);

3. The effects of quantitative easing significantly depend on the maturity structure of purchased assets;

4. Conventional and unconventional monetary policy easing in an open economy may have similarly expansionaryeffects on output, but have significantly different implications for international competitiveness.


Utilizing stated-preference based valuation methods for cultural heritage management: conservation vs.adaptive re-use of immovable objects

UMO-2021/41/N/HS4/04321 - PRELUDIUM

Kierownik: Jusypenko Bartosz, Opiekun: Wielgopolan Anna
Początek: 2022-02-01, Koniec: 2025-01-31
Wartość projektu: 168 604,00 PLN

Utilizing stated-preference based valuation methods for cultural heritage management: conservation vs.adaptive re-use of immovable objects

UMO-2021/41/N/HS4/04321 - PRELUDIUM

This research project focuses on the exponentially growing number of immovable cultural heritage objects facing the threat of demolition or neglect. Given the financial constraints, passive protection (conservation or renovation) of some facilities might prove to be unjustifiable or impossible to ensure. Hence, adaptive re-use may be the only opportunity to preserve them. This controversial compromise between socially desirable option and conservation issues assuming minimal architectural interventions makes heritage management more complex in terms of decision making.

The theory of economics has developed several methods that, under certain conditions, could become a helpful and adequate tool for those responsible for shaping cultural policies.

The general objective of this research is to learn consumers’ preferences towards management of immovable heritage objects such as buildings of high architectural or historical importance. Social benefits from both passive conservation and the adaptive-re-use programs, together with potential changes in attributes related to these programs, will be estimated and demonstrated in quantitative terms. The analysis will concern stated preferences (SP) of visitors (direct users of heritage objects) and non-visitors (those who gain only passive-use benefits). Further research also aims to test
the transferability of the estimated values between different regions and objects, leading to a more justifiable fund allocation.
The project will propose a novel approach to non-market valuation of cultural heritage expected to fill the research gap identified through our thorough literature review. Results will provide an empirical and methodological contribution to cultural economics, which is fledgeling to elucidate valuation guidelines, and its role in shaping cultural policies has been diminished so far.


Wyświetleń 1 do 10 (158 Razem)