Projekty badawcze





Wyświetleń 1 do 10 (151 Razem)

Water-based solutions for carbon storage, people and wilderness

101036484 - HORYZONT 2020

Kierownik: Giergiczny Marek, Opiekun: Gloeh Anna
Poczatek projektu: 2021-12-01, Koniec projektu: 2026-11-30
Budżet: 231 000,00 PLN

Water-based solutions for carbon storage, people and wilderness

101036484 - HORYZONT 2020

WaterLANDS aims to enable an upscaling of the restoration of wetlands. Socio-economic factors, insufficient stakeholder engagement, lack of government commitment, lack of funding and inadequate exchange of knowledge of restoration methods have all been identified as barriers to successful restoration. Consequently, most restoration has been modest in scale, has occurred mainly where there is a single landowning or responsible organisation, and has often been undertaken principally for reasons of conservation. WaterLANDS will work to overcome these barriers. It includes both Action and Knowledge Sites, the former being the object of restoration upscaling, and the latter a source of best practice experience and knowledge. To provide for local support and sustainability, it will aim for the co-design of restoration with the on-going engagement of communities and stakeholders. It will investigate best practice in ecological restoration which meets both biodiversity and social objectives and for which restoration trajectories are specific to the physical and cultural context of the Action Sites. It will propose supportive governance structures appropriate to this process and to local and national circumstances. It will identify business models, economic incentives and international funding sources and tailor or direct these resources for each site. The project will pull this expertise and knowledge together in a co-creation work package. Process-indicators will be developed to enable on-going assessment of restoration success in terms of ecosystem services, socioeconomic embedding and financial sustainability, to ensure wide-scale restoration which catalyses scalability beyond the life of the WaterLANDS project.


Rozwiązania nawadniające służące gromadzeniu węgla, ludziom i przyrodzie

536688/PnH2/2021 - Premia na Horyzoncie 2

Kierownik: Giergiczny Marek, Opiekun: Gloeh Anna
Poczatek projektu: 2022-04-04, Koniec projektu: 2026-11-30
Budżet: 51 549,00 PLN

Rozwiązania nawadniające służące gromadzeniu węgla, ludziom i przyrodzie

536688/PnH2/2021 - Premia na Horyzoncie 2

Na podstawie części IV. ust. 11 komunikatu Ministra Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego z dnia 12 kwietnia 2019 r. o ustanowieniu przedsięwzięcia „Premia na Horyzoncie 2” zmienionego komunikatem Ministra Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego z dnia 18 czerwca 2020 r. o zmianie komunikatu o ustanowieniu przedsięwzięcia „Premia na Horyzoncie 2” w odpowiedzi na zgłoszenie o numerze rejestracyjnym 536688/PnH2/2021 Minister podjął decyzję o przyznaniu wsparcia finansowego podmiotowi: Uniwersytet Warszawski  przeznaczonego na dodatki do wynagrodzeń dla osób biorących udział w realizacji projektu pn. Rozwiązania nawadniające służące gromadzeniu węgla, ludziom i przyrodzie”, Akronim Waterlands, nazwa angielska „Water-based solutions for carbon storage, people and wilderness”. Projekt ten jest realizowany w ramach programu ramowego w zakresie badań naukowych i innowacji HORYZONT 2020. Kwota finansowania projektu w europejskim programie badawczym przez Unię Europejską przypadająca na Uniwersytet Warszawski wynosi 55 875 euro, natomiast kwota dofinasowanie w ramach przedsięwzięcia „Premia na Horyzoncie2” 51 549 zł.

Celem projektu WaterLANDS jest zwiększenie skali odtwarzania terenów podmokłych. Jako główne czynniki utrudniające odtwarzanie torfowisk identyfikuje się obecnie: czynniki społeczno-ekonomiczne, niewystarczające zaangażowanie interesariuszy, brak zaangażowania rządu, brak funduszy, a także niewystarczającą wymianę wiedzy o metodach odtwarzania terenów podmokłych. W związku z tym większość odtwarzanych obszarów podmokłych w poszczególnych krajach UE jest niewielka. Głównym celem WaterLANDS jest, na podstawie starannie wyselekcjonowanych studiów przypadku, dokładne zrozumienie i wskazanie zaleceń umożliwiających pokonaniem przeszkód dla zwiększenia skali odtwarzanych terenów podmokłych. W ramach WaterLANDS zostaną zbadane najlepsze praktyki i instrumenty finansowe, które są i mogą być pomocne w odtwarzaniu terenów podmokłych, i które spełniają cele związane z ochroną różnorodności biologicznej, jak i cele społeczne.


The impact of COVID-19 on public support for the EU (COVIDEU)

62-0000547 - Volkswagenstiftung

Kierownik: Krawczyk Michał, Opiekun: Cedro Monika
Poczatek projektu: 2022-01-01, Koniec projektu: 2025-12-31
Budżet: 963 900,00 PLN

The impact of COVID-19 on public support for the EU (COVIDEU)

62-0000547 - Volkswagenstiftung

People compare national and EU responses and take cues from domestic governments, political parties and the media when forming opinions about the EU. The project COVIDEU will study the impact of the pandemic on these opinions through six work packages that are clustered around three main questions:

  1. How have the policy measures adopted by national governments and EU institutions affected eurosceptic attitudes, European solidarity and the performance of Eurosceptic parties?
  2. How have political actors, governments, political parties and social movements, influenced EU support? 
  3. How have media framing and fake news influenced public support?

 To answer these questions, an interdisciplinary team of leading scholars from political science, sociology and economics will use an original multi-method approach combining survey, observational and geocoded data with natural, survey and field experiments as well as innovative natural language processing technologies.


Globalization- and Technology-Driven Labour Market Change and Fertility - LABFER

866207 - HORYZONT 2020

Kierownik: Matysiak Anna, Opiekun: Wielgopolan Anna
Poczatek projektu: 2020-10-01, Koniec projektu: 2025-09-30
Budżet: 8 400 000,00 PLN

Globalization- and Technology-Driven Labour Market Change and Fertility - LABFER

866207 - HORYZONT 2020

labfer-04.02.jpgLABFER is the first project that will comprehensively describe and evaluate fertility consequences of the unprecedented changes in the labour market, caused by digitalisation and globalisation.

These changes have been taking place during the last three decades and intensified after the Great Recession. They are reflected in: rising demand for skills, massive worker displacement, spread of new work arrangements, increasing work demands and growing inequalities in labour market prospects between the low-and-medium and the highly skilled. They are likely driving the post-crisis fertility decline in the most advanced nations, which is to date not understood. LABFER is thus highly relevant and timely. It has four main objectives:

1) to study the impact of the ongoing labour market change on fertility (macro-level);

2) to examine the individual-level mechanisms behind the observed macro-level fertility effects of the ongoing labour market change;

3) to investigate the role of the growing inequalities between the low-and-medium and the highly skilled for the relative fertility patterns of the two groups;

4) to study the role of family and employment policies in moderating the fertility effects of the labour market change. Our methodological approach is innovative. We will link data at several layers of observation (country, region, industry, firm, couple and individual) to account for the policy, work and family context of childbearing.

PROJECT WEBSITE: https://labfer.uw.edu.pl

BUDGET: 1 998 100 EUR (ca. 8 400 000 PLN)

We will also use novel labour market measures to capture the ongoing labour market change. Mixture cure models will be employed to separate the effects of covariates on birth timing and probability that the birth occurs. LABFER will break the ground by providing understanding of how the dynamic labour market changes are associated with and potentially affect the current and future fertility dynamics and its socio-economic gradients. It will also have implications for family and employment policies.


Economic analysis of competition for attention - the case of digital entertainment sectors

UMO-2020/39/B/HS4/01015 - OPUS

Kierownik: Hardy Wojciech, Opiekun: Cichocka Agnieszka
Poczatek projektu: 2021-09-01, Koniec projektu: 2025-09-01
Budżet: 689 240,00 PLN

Economic analysis of competition for attention - the case of digital entertainment sectors

UMO-2020/39/B/HS4/01015 - OPUS

Digital transformation empowered services relying on consumers’ time and focus. With the growth of these new typesof markets, the goal shifted from direct sales to moDigital transformation empowered services relying on consumers’ time and focus. With the growth of these new typesof markets, the goal shifted from direct sales to monetization of attention. This increasingly popular strategy hasbecome the core of digital entertainment sectors. A recent HBR article[1] argues such strategy should extend to otherser

Digital transformation empowered services relying on consumers’ time and focus. With the growth of these new typesof markets, the goal shifted from direct sales to monetization of attention. This increasingly popular strategy has become the core of digital entertainment sectors.

The overabundant creative content becomes increasingly disaggregated across providers, straining the scarce attention supply.

Moreover, all content now takes from the same pool of attention, implying a cross-sector competition.This change in paradigms has received little to no academic scrutiny. Existing studies rarely consider limited attention orcross-sector competition or at best rely on self-reported behaviour data or are theoretical in nature. Yet the speed of changes and attention scarcity affect the market dynamics, consumers privacy concerns and firms strategy.

The project aims to expand the current understanding of attention economics within the context of digital entertainment sectors.


Utilizing stated-preference based valuation methods for cultural heritage management: conservation vs.adaptive re-use of immovable objects

UMO-2021/41/N/HS4/04321 - PRELUDIUM

Kierownik: Jusypenko Bartosz, Opiekun: Wielgopolan Anna
Poczatek projektu: 2022-02-01, Koniec projektu: 2025-01-31
Budżet: 168 604,00 PLN

Utilizing stated-preference based valuation methods for cultural heritage management: conservation vs.adaptive re-use of immovable objects

UMO-2021/41/N/HS4/04321 - PRELUDIUM

This research project focuses on the exponentially growing number of immovable cultural heritage objects facing the threat of demolition or neglect. Given the financial constraints, passive protection (conservation or renovation) of some facilities might prove to be unjustifiable or impossible to ensure. Hence, adaptive re-use may be the only opportunity to preserve them. This controversial compromise between socially desirable option and conservation issues assuming minimal architectural interventions makes heritage management more complex in terms of decision making.

The theory of economics has developed several methods that, under certain conditions, could become a helpful and adequate tool for those responsible for shaping cultural policies.

The general objective of this research is to learn consumers’ preferences towards management of immovable heritage objects such as buildings of high architectural or historical importance. Social benefits from both passive conservation and the adaptive-re-use programs, together with potential changes in attributes related to these programs, will be estimated and demonstrated in quantitative terms. The analysis will concern stated preferences (SP) of visitors (direct users of heritage objects) and non-visitors (those who gain only passive-use benefits). Further research also aims to test
the transferability of the estimated values between different regions and objects, leading to a more justifiable fund allocation.
The project will propose a novel approach to non-market valuation of cultural heritage expected to fill the research gap identified through our thorough literature review. Results will provide an empirical and methodological contribution to cultural economics, which is fledgeling to elucidate valuation guidelines, and its role in shaping cultural policies has been diminished so far.


The monitoring of innovation performance of firms and regulatory impact assessment: developing tools to support economic policy

GOSPOSTRATEG-VI/0029/2021-00 - GOSPOSTRATEG

Poczatek projektu: 2022-02-01, Koniec projektu: 2025-01-31
Budżet: 2 847 680,00 PLN

The monitoring of innovation performance of firms and regulatory impact assessment: developing tools to support economic policy

GOSPOSTRATEG-VI/0029/2021-00 - GOSPOSTRATEG

The project involves the development and testing of a range of analytical tools that can be used in the design and correction of economic policy, especially tax policy in its broadest sense. For each of the thematic areas - the impact of tax credits and reporting obligations on innovation, the transfer of profits abroad, the spillover effects of foreign firms, the start-up of economic activity by individuals and the legal form of this activity, the innovativeness of micro-enterprises, the balance of payments methodology - a similar methodological scheme will be used.

The first stage will be a literature review and/or preparation of databases for the project. In the project it is foreseen to use, in the form of individual or processed data, the following CSO data sets: Household Budget Survey (BBGD), Report on Research and Development Activities (PNT-01), Report on Innovations in Industry (PNT-02) and Services (PNT-02/u), Report on Business Activities of Enterprises (SP-3).

In the part of basic research devoted to the literature review, meta-analysis will be applied (statistical analysis of the stability of results obtained in the literature, cf. Borenstein et al. 2021). This will make it possible to prepare 2 diagnoses and an operational document - a methodological report with recommendations for the preparation of balance sheet components crucial for measuring the scale of profit-shifting. 

 


Accuracy of travel cost method in non-market valuation of public goods

UMO-2020/37/B/HS4/01517 - OPUS

Kierownik: Zawojska Ewa, Opiekun: Cedro Monika
Poczatek projektu: 2021-01-14, Koniec projektu: 2025-01-13
Budżet: 525 660,00 PLN

Accuracy of travel cost method in non-market valuation of public goods

UMO-2020/37/B/HS4/01517 - OPUS

Public goods, for example, parks such as Pieniny National Park, monuments such as those in Łazienki Park in Warsaw, and cultural sites such as UNESCO-listed wooden tserkvas of the Carpathian region, bring benefits to society, but also generate costs (e.g., maintenance). Understanding how valuable these goods are to people is important for determining how much money governments should spend on their provision. The values, expressed in money, that public goods provide to society inform what quantities and characteristics of public goods are most desired. For example, they can reveal whether people like a nearby park being developed with more hiking or biking trails. The challenging task, however, is to calculate the values that public goods deliver in monetary terms. For many goods, price can help estimate their value. But public goods are not bought or sold in markets (they are so-called non-market goods), so they do not have prices that could be used for
determining their value. This leads to challenges in understanding the benefits people receive from public goods.
Economists have developed several methods for estimating the value of goods that are not traded in markets, such as public goods. Among them, the travel cost method is one of the most popular approaches. The main idea behind this method is that to access public goods, people travel and need to bear the costs of the travel. These costs include various out of pocket expenses, such as the cost of gas and wear and tear on the vehicle, as well as the cost of time spent on the travel, among others. A person will decide for a travel to a site only if the benefits from accessing the site are at least as great as the costs. In the travel cost method, we use the travel cost information in a behavioral model to estimate what value people gain from visiting a site, which is linked
to a public good. For example, if someone travels past a park with a dirty lake to visit a nearly identical park with a clean lake, this may suggest that a clean lake is more valuable. The increase in the costs because of travelling to the clean lake can be used to value a better lake water quality to people. While travel cost studies have been used in policy contexts around the world, hardly any research has examined if the travel cost value estimates are accurate--if they measure well the actual value. This project aims at filling this research gap. The novel contribution of this project to the existing knowledge will be a comprehensive and systematic assessment of the accuracy of value estimates derived from the travel cost method. The fundamental research question is: does the travel cost method deliver accurate estimates of the value of public goods?
The accuracy will be examined along two aspects—reliability and validity. Reliability assessments measure whether the value estimate is precise or imprecise. Validity assessments inform whether the value estimate is biased or unbiased in any systematic way, such as always overestimating or underestimating the true value. In the face of paucity of scientific work in this area, we will develop a novel framework and tools for assessing the accuracy of travel cost value estimates and apply them to empirical studies. This way, the project will address an essential research gap in the existing literature on valuation of public goods.
 


Modelowanie i prognozowanie lokalizacji firm w kontekście korzyści gęstości. Ujęcie teoretyczne, metodologiczne i empiryczne wykorzystujące ekonometrię przestrzenną i przestrzenne uczenie maszynowe.

UMO-2021\/41\/B\/HS4\/00285 - OPUS

Poczatek projektu: 2022-01-10, Koniec projektu: 2025-01-09
Budżet: 399 500,00 PLN

Modelowanie i prognozowanie lokalizacji firm w kontekście korzyści gęstości. Ujęcie teoretyczne, metodologiczne i empiryczne wykorzystujące ekonometrię przestrzenną i przestrzenne uczenie maszynowe.

UMO-2021\/41\/B\/HS4\/00285 - OPUS

This is a comprehensive project anchored around problems of spatial location in economics. It considers local density (of business, population etc.) as an important factor of a decision where to locate. It covers three scientific aspects:

  1. methodology of modelling business location with regard to density,
  2. economic theory of location focused on density,
  3. empirical analysis to predict business locations (from different sectors) due to density – generating a map of territorial potential for a given area.

Project is to answer the intuitive observation that the density of business location and residents creates a feedback loop - it is the cause and effect of location decisions in the economy. It is natural that agricultural businesses are located in peripheral areas (i.e. with a lower density of firms) and knowledge-intensive firms in central areas (i.e. with higher density). It is also clear that the closest neighbour in a large city is within a radius of e.g. 1-3 km, but outside the city, the radius will be much broader. It is a bit less evident whether companies, e.g. from the trade and brokerage sector attract or repulse their locations and what is the sectoral composition of their surroundings. It is also not intuitive whether companies from the processing sector prefer to be located in e.g a medium-sized city far from the highway or in a small town near the highway. One can intuitively assume that the characteristics of companies located in high-density areas are different from those in low-density areas. Many such questions can be asked - also for investments and prices on the real estate market, population movement, and, consequently, for the labour market and many others.


Analiza determinant przetrwania startupów technologicznych - czynniki przestrzenne i interakcje

022/DIA/2020/49 - DIAMENTOWY GRANT

Kierownik: Kubara Maria, Opiekun: Lewandowska Magdalena
Poczatek projektu: 2020-10-14, Koniec projektu: 2024-10-13
Budżet: 179 570,00 PLN

Analiza determinant przetrwania startupów technologicznych - czynniki przestrzenne i interakcje

022/DIA/2020/49 - DIAMENTOWY GRANT

Celem naukowym projektu jest dokonanie analizy czynników sukcesu startupów
technologicznych, szczególnie w kontekście wpływu lokalizacji na przetrwanie firmy. Proponowane
badanie ma swoje podstawy w teoriach lokalizacyjnych przedsiębiorstw (teoria klasyczna,
behawioralna, Nowa Geografia Ekonomiczna) oraz w stosunkowo nowych podejściach teorii
ewolucyjnej i ko-ewolucyjnej. Przeprowadzona analiza będzie również dotykać najważniejszych
obecnie obszarów badawczych w dziedzinie regionalistyki –budowanie metodologii dla badań w
obszarach miejskich, ekonometryczne modelowanie przestrzenne, badania lokalizacji aktywności
ekonomicznej i innowacji, połączenie big data i regionalistyki. Proponowane badanie będzie dotyczyć
przede wszystkim szeroko zakrojonej problematyki ekosystemów przedsiębiorczych startupów
(entrepreneurial ecosystems) – jednego z najnowszych tematów badawczych, pojawiających się na
najważniejszych konferencjach regionalistów.


Wyświetleń 1 do 10 (151 Razem)