Projekty badawcze





Wyświetleń 1 do 10 (164 Razem)

Preferences and incentives, and the effective development of the human capital:economic and neuro-psychological approach

2021/42/E/HS4/00305 - SONATA BIS

Kierownik: Gajderowicz Tomasz, Opiekun: Gloeh Anna
Początek: 2022-05-01, Koniec: 2027-05-31
Wartość projektu: 1 324 516,00 PLN

Preferences and incentives, and the effective development of the human capital:economic and neuro-psychological approach

2021/42/E/HS4/00305 - SONATA BIS

Education is recognized as one of the most important factors determining the pace of economic development.

The resources and quality of the workforce affect economic performance, the rate of technological progress, and the entiresociety’s functioning. Research on the influence of human capital on the economy is well documented both in thetheoretical and empirical literature, hence the growing need to understand the processes and mechanisms behind it.This project aims to study cognitive and neuropsychological factors influencing the mutual relationship betweenstudents’ preferences and competencies development.

This is a particularly important topic for two main reasons. First,it allows for the understanding of factors influencing the motivation of students towards the learning process and futurecareers. Second, motivation towards learning (that results from preferences) is the key factor for educational success.To shed light on this issue data set will be collected where competences would be assessed using state-of-the-artpsychometric techniques, and at the same time, preferences would be revealed with hypothetical choices method (Discrete Choice Experiment).

The novelty of this project also lies in discovering the neuropsychological andneuropsychological background of human capital formation.  Based on the theoretical and empirical literature review,the main hypotheses are as follows:  1. There is a statistically significant relationship between the results obtained bystudents and their preferences.  2. Preferences and thus the effectiveness of learning can be shaped by non-invasivebrain stimulation.  

To assess the relationship between preferences and competences both need to be measured withinone quantitative study. To measure preferences Discrete Choice Experiment (DCE) will be applied. Utility functionparameters will be estimated using Random Parameter Logistic Models. To measure educational outputs(competences), we will use a state-of-the-art psychometric approach based on the IRT model. Both imputed individual-level parameters and IRT-scaled competencies will then be used to assess the mutual relationship of the preferencesand motivation factors with competences and educational outcomes. Besides, we will use well-established internationalbenchmarks by reporting results on the scale directly comparable to OECD’s PISA international scale. 


Water-based solutions for carbon storage, people and wilderness

101036484 - HORYZONT 2020

Kierownik: Giergiczny Marek, Opiekun: Gloeh Anna
Początek: 2021-12-01, Koniec: 2026-11-30
Wartość projektu: 231 000,00 PLN

Water-based solutions for carbon storage, people and wilderness

101036484 - HORYZONT 2020

WaterLANDS aims to enable an upscaling of the restoration of wetlands. Socio-economic factors, insufficient stakeholder engagement, lack of government commitment, lack of funding and inadequate exchange of knowledge of restoration methods have all been identified as barriers to successful restoration. Consequently, most restoration has been modest in scale, has occurred mainly where there is a single landowning or responsible organisation, and has often been undertaken principally for reasons of conservation. WaterLANDS will work to overcome these barriers. It includes both Action and Knowledge Sites, the former being the object of restoration upscaling, and the latter a source of best practice experience and knowledge. To provide for local support and sustainability, it will aim for the co-design of restoration with the on-going engagement of communities and stakeholders. It will investigate best practice in ecological restoration which meets both biodiversity and social objectives and for which restoration trajectories are specific to the physical and cultural context of the Action Sites. It will propose supportive governance structures appropriate to this process and to local and national circumstances. It will identify business models, economic incentives and international funding sources and tailor or direct these resources for each site. The project will pull this expertise and knowledge together in a co-creation work package. Process-indicators will be developed to enable on-going assessment of restoration success in terms of ecosystem services, socioeconomic embedding and financial sustainability, to ensure wide-scale restoration which catalyses scalability beyond the life of the WaterLANDS project.


Rozwiązania nawadniające służące gromadzeniu węgla, ludziom i przyrodzie

536688/PnH2/2021 - Premia na Horyzoncie 2

Kierownik: Giergiczny Marek, Opiekun: Gloeh Anna
Początek: 2022-04-04, Koniec: 2026-11-30
Wartość projektu: 51 549,00 PLN

Rozwiązania nawadniające służące gromadzeniu węgla, ludziom i przyrodzie

536688/PnH2/2021 - Premia na Horyzoncie 2

Na podstawie części IV. ust. 11 komunikatu Ministra Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego z dnia 12 kwietnia 2019 r. o ustanowieniu przedsięwzięcia „Premia na Horyzoncie 2” zmienionego komunikatem Ministra Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego z dnia 18 czerwca 2020 r. o zmianie komunikatu o ustanowieniu przedsięwzięcia „Premia na Horyzoncie 2” w odpowiedzi na zgłoszenie o numerze rejestracyjnym 536688/PnH2/2021 Minister podjął decyzję o przyznaniu wsparcia finansowego podmiotowi: Uniwersytet Warszawski  przeznaczonego na dodatki do wynagrodzeń dla osób biorących udział w realizacji projektu pn. Rozwiązania nawadniające służące gromadzeniu węgla, ludziom i przyrodzie”, Akronim Waterlands, nazwa angielska „Water-based solutions for carbon storage, people and wilderness”. Projekt ten jest realizowany w ramach programu ramowego w zakresie badań naukowych i innowacji HORYZONT 2020. Kwota finansowania projektu w europejskim programie badawczym przez Unię Europejską przypadająca na Uniwersytet Warszawski wynosi 55 875 euro, natomiast kwota dofinasowanie w ramach przedsięwzięcia „Premia na Horyzoncie2” 51 549 zł.

Celem projektu WaterLANDS jest zwiększenie skali odtwarzania terenów podmokłych. Jako główne czynniki utrudniające odtwarzanie torfowisk identyfikuje się obecnie: czynniki społeczno-ekonomiczne, niewystarczające zaangażowanie interesariuszy, brak zaangażowania rządu, brak funduszy, a także niewystarczającą wymianę wiedzy o metodach odtwarzania terenów podmokłych. W związku z tym większość odtwarzanych obszarów podmokłych w poszczególnych krajach UE jest niewielka. Głównym celem WaterLANDS jest, na podstawie starannie wyselekcjonowanych studiów przypadku, dokładne zrozumienie i wskazanie zaleceń umożliwiających pokonaniem przeszkód dla zwiększenia skali odtwarzanych terenów podmokłych. W ramach WaterLANDS zostaną zbadane najlepsze praktyki i instrumenty finansowe, które są i mogą być pomocne w odtwarzaniu terenów podmokłych, i które spełniają cele związane z ochroną różnorodności biologicznej, jak i cele społeczne.


Development of a methodology for estimating cultural ecosystem services

1060429 - OPUS

Kierownik: Giergiczny Marek, Opiekun: Kaźmierczak Ewa
Początek: 2022-11-02, Koniec: 2026-10-02
Wartość projektu: 1 067 500,00 PLN

Development of a methodology for estimating cultural ecosystem services

1060429 - OPUS

The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment identified four major categories of ecosystem services, three of them are direct services: provisioning, regulating, cultural and supporting services, which are indirect as they are necessary for providing other services. Provisioning services are the products directly obtained from ecosystems (e.g., food, fiber, timber), regulating services are the benefits obtained from the regulation of ecosystem processes (e.g., climate regulation, water regulation) and cultural services which are defined as the non-material benefits people obtain from nature, these

include recreation, aesthetic enjoyment, physical and mental health benefits and spiritual experiences. Cultural services contribute to a sense of place, foster social cohesion and are essential for human health and well-being. Although cultural ecosystem services are greatly valued by diverse stakeholders and score highly in assessments of public perceptions, they suffer from poor quantification and integration in existing management plans. Cultural ecosystem services are seldom reflected by economic indicators and are rarely marketable. Incorporating cultural services into ecosystem services assessments is indispensable for comprehensive accounting of the contributions of ecosystems to human well-being and, thus, avoiding bias toward other ecosystem services and unwanted trade-offs in land management, but their integration is a challenging task. Current research on ecosystem services is strongly focused on biophysical assessments in relation to regulating services or in monetary terms in relation to provisioning services. A widely overlooked component of ecosystem services is the socio-cultural domain, which requires alternative evaluation approaches, drawing on a wide range of social science tools and methods.

This research is aimed to fill this gap by developing novel tools that will allow to incorporate cultural ecosystem services (recreation, aesthetics and health benefits) into environmental management and decision-making. This will be done by developing a new data collecting and modelling framework, which will allow to quantify cultural ecosystem services in monetary terms at local, regional and national level. In addition, we will develop a spatially explicit model which will allow to evaluate trade-offs and synergies between cultural and provisioning services.

The sub-objectives of the proposed project are:

- to develop a new approach to collect nature-based recreational data which will enable to understand and quantify how people make nature based recreational choices,

- to develop a new revealed preference modelling framework to model sites selection for recreation,

- to develop a new SP modelling framework which will allow to integrate SP data with RP data,

- to develop a combined stated and revealed preference modelling framework which will enable to link recreational benefits with characteristics of ecosystems,

In addition, we will:

- test behavioral anomalies in a wide range of economic goods important in assessing cultural ecosystem services,

- map cultural ecosystem services at the country level.


Reducing climate based health risks in blue environments: Adapting to the climate change impacts on coastal pathogens (BlueAdapt)

101057764 - HORIZON EUROPE

Początek: 2022-10-01, Koniec: 2026-09-30
Wartość projektu: 2 835 656,00 PLN

Reducing climate based health risks in blue environments: Adapting to the climate change impacts on coastal pathogens (BlueAdapt)

101057764 - HORIZON EUROPE

BlueAdapt brings together an interdisciplinary team of biologists, climate scientists, economists, epidemiologists and public health experts to investigate and quantify the future health risks associated with selected coastal pathogens. BlueAdapt will provide tools to assess the impacts of policy responses and communicate the results to a wide audience ? including both policymakers and the public.

A conceptual framework will be developed around existing models of One Health and Ecological Public Health, to help wider engagement with the complex nature of the issue. Horizons scanning and downscaled climate modelling will feed into lab based experiments and the development of simulations around how changes in climate variables, interacting with other environmental change, may influence the state of selected microbial pathogens of public health concern in coastal waters. Case studies will illustrate how One Health and Ecological Public Health concepts can be used to generate action and identify potential barriers to adaptation.

Health impact assessment and cost-benefit analysis will inform appropriate action. BlueAdapt Innovation Slams and policy workshops will help deliver wider impact from the project including new-to-firm and new-to-market products and services


Food Provision through Sustainable Farming Systems and Value Chains (VISIONARY)

101060538 - HORIZON EUROPE

Kierownik: Czajkowski Mikołaj, Opiekun: Gloeh Anna
Początek: 2022-09-01, Koniec: 2026-08-31
Wartość projektu: 1 140 787,00 PLN

Food Provision through Sustainable Farming Systems and Value Chains (VISIONARY)

101060538 - HORIZON EUROPE

VISIONARY wants to make a difference in food system transitions, by identifying what factors underlie the path dependencies and ‘lock-ins’ in current unsustainable food systems, and showing how these can be overcome. VISIONARY will tackle both, policy and business shifts as drivers that are necessary to make a change at the system level.  

The project aims to improve the sustainability of agriculture by promoting practices in food production systems that are more environmentally friendly, economically viable and socio-culturally appropriate. VISIONARY focuses on existing initiatives, practices and (policy) interventions (case studies) that are still niche or small-scale, and investigates the barriers to scaling up and out.

Case studies cover value chain examples with a differing complexity, different environmental policy transitions pathways  and existing agri-food system examples, namely the shift to organic farming and more plant-based protein production and consumption. At its core, VISIONARY uses methods from experimental and behavioural economics to identify barriers and appropriate behavioural interventions (nudges, education, incentives) for farmers and consumers.  

The novelty of VISIONARY lies in the combination of experimental methods with a systems thinking approach, considering the whole agri-food system as an influence on farmer decisions. The innovative combination of quantitative and qualitative data from a variety of methods is our important methodological contribution to more system based research.

Comparability will be achieved by applying the same or similar methods across  case studies in Germany, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Italy, Spain, Denmark and the UK. In order to achieve improved capacities, for researchers in behavioural and experimental research, as well as for policy makers and value chain actors to, utilise such research, VISIONARY will work with these actors in Science-Policy-Interfaces set up alongside the case studies. 


LAnd use and MAnagement modelling for SUStainable governance

1060429 - HORIZON EUROPE

Początek: 2022-09-01, Koniec: 2026-08-31
Wartość projektu: 5 216 288,00 PLN

LAnd use and MAnagement modelling for SUStainable governance

1060429 - HORIZON EUROPE

As part of the European Green Deal, the EU must achieve climate neutrality by 2050. The land use sector has a key role to play, which is recognized in the “Fit for 55 package”, where a climate neutrality target for the Agriculture, Forestry, and Other Land Use (AFOLU) is set for 2035. To enable fundamental transformations in the land use sector necessary to achieve the Green Deal, LAMASUS proposes a step change in land use sector governance from policy formulation to implementation to monitoring.

The project is driven by four key elements: EVIDENCE – dynamic monitoring of land use, management and related policies for evaluation and model calibration; UNDERSTANDING – state-of-the-art econometric and biophysical models to assess the role of past policies on changes in land use and management, and their economic and environmental impacts; TOOLS – a highly-integrated policy modeling framework with full sectorial coverage from agriculture and forestry to the whole economy, accounting for carbon, biodiversity and all relevant sustainability dimensions, at multiple scales (land

use actors, country, EU level, global); GUIDANCE – a multi-level stakeholder dialogue for co-design of agriculture, forestry and climate policies by the EC, national and local governments and citizens, made accessible to stakeholders across multiple spatial scales through the novel web-based LAMASUS Portal.

In this way, LAMUSUS will create a new level of societal engagement in which local actors contribute to the design of effective and efficient EU policies for climate neutrality and will serve as an exemplar for other policy processes within the European Green Deal.


NaturaConnect - Designing a resilient and coherent Trans-European Network for Nature and People

101060429 - HORIZON EUROPE

Kierownik: Giergiczny Marek, Opiekun: Cichocka Agnieszka
Początek: 2022-07-01, Koniec: 2026-06-30
Wartość projektu: 674 250,00 PLN

NaturaConnect - Designing a resilient and coherent Trans-European Network for Nature and People

101060429 - HORIZON EUROPE

Together with key stakeholders, NaturaConnect will co-develop knowledge, tools and capacity building programmes to support Member States in implementing an ecologically representative, resilient and well-connected trans-European nature network (TEN-N) that builds on the existing network of protected areas and Green and Blue Infrastructure.

Through research, engagement and dissemination activities at the European scale and in a set of six case studies, we will elicit stakeholders’ visions and preferences about conservation objectives, tap into best practices in protected areas management and funding mechanisms, mobilize data and test the TEN-N spatial prioritization analyses and tools produced by NaturaConnect. This addresses two major obstacles identified by the EU Nature Legislation Fitness Check: lack of stakeholder awareness and cooperation, and insufficient knowledge and access to existing funding mechanisms. NaturaConnect will further address a third major obstacle, limited availability of knowledge on biodiversity distribution, drivers of change and conservation solutions. To address this, NaturaConnect brings together a consortium of the top European scientists, policy experts and NGOs to produce and mobilize relevant data and knowledge. This includes refining and applying state-of-the-art models on biodiversity, ecosystem services and environmental change across Europe and under current and future climate and land-use. Equipped with improved data, knowledge, models and spatial planning methods we will identify gaps in protected area coverage, connectivity and resilience under climate and land-use change. We will further develop scenarios for expanding protected areas, establish ecological corridors and other areas of connectivity to address these gaps, thereby offering a blue-print for realizing TEN-N. NaturaConnect will further provide knowledge and decision support for policy, financing and implementation of TEN-N at all relevant scales.


The impact of COVID-19 on public support for the EU (COVIDEU)

62-0000547 - Volkswagenstiftung

Kierownik: Krawczyk Michał, Opiekun: Cedro Monika
Początek: 2022-01-01, Koniec: 2025-12-31
Wartość projektu: 963 900,00 PLN

The impact of COVID-19 on public support for the EU (COVIDEU)

62-0000547 - Volkswagenstiftung

People compare national and EU responses and take cues from domestic governments, political parties and the media when forming opinions about the EU. The project COVIDEU will study the impact of the pandemic on these opinions through six work packages that are clustered around three main questions:

  1. How have the policy measures adopted by national governments and EU institutions affected eurosceptic attitudes, European solidarity and the performance of Eurosceptic parties?
  2. How have political actors, governments, political parties and social movements, influenced EU support? 
  3. How have media framing and fake news influenced public support?

 To answer these questions, an interdisciplinary team of leading scholars from political science, sociology and economics will use an original multi-method approach combining survey, observational and geocoded data with natural, survey and field experiments as well as innovative natural language processing technologies.


Globalization- and Technology-Driven Labour Market Change and Fertility - LABFER

866207 - HORYZONT 2020

Kierownik: Matysiak Anna, Opiekun: Wielgopolan Anna
Początek: 2020-10-01, Koniec: 2025-09-30
Wartość projektu: 8 400 000,00 PLN

Globalization- and Technology-Driven Labour Market Change and Fertility - LABFER

866207 - HORYZONT 2020

labfer-04.02.jpgLABFER is the first project that will comprehensively describe and evaluate fertility consequences of the unprecedented changes in the labour market, caused by digitalisation and globalisation.

These changes have been taking place during the last three decades and intensified after the Great Recession. They are reflected in: rising demand for skills, massive worker displacement, spread of new work arrangements, increasing work demands and growing inequalities in labour market prospects between the low-and-medium and the highly skilled. They are likely driving the post-crisis fertility decline in the most advanced nations, which is to date not understood. LABFER is thus highly relevant and timely. It has four main objectives:

1) to study the impact of the ongoing labour market change on fertility (macro-level);

2) to examine the individual-level mechanisms behind the observed macro-level fertility effects of the ongoing labour market change;

3) to investigate the role of the growing inequalities between the low-and-medium and the highly skilled for the relative fertility patterns of the two groups;

4) to study the role of family and employment policies in moderating the fertility effects of the labour market change. Our methodological approach is innovative. We will link data at several layers of observation (country, region, industry, firm, couple and individual) to account for the policy, work and family context of childbearing.

PROJECT WEBSITE: https://labfer.uw.edu.pl

BUDGET: 1 998 100 EUR (ca. 8 400 000 PLN)

We will also use novel labour market measures to capture the ongoing labour market change. Mixture cure models will be employed to separate the effects of covariates on birth timing and probability that the birth occurs. LABFER will break the ground by providing understanding of how the dynamic labour market changes are associated with and potentially affect the current and future fertility dynamics and its socio-economic gradients. It will also have implications for family and employment policies.


Wyświetleń 1 do 10 (164 Razem)