Projekty badawcze





Wyświetleń 11 do 20 (155 Razem)

Modelowanie i prognozowanie lokalizacji firm w kontekście korzyści gęstości. Ujęcie teoretyczne, metodologiczne i empiryczne wykorzystujące ekonometrię przestrzenną i przestrzenne uczenie maszynowe.

UMO-2021\/41\/B\/HS4\/00285 - OPUS

Początek: 2022-01-10, Koniec: 2025-01-09
Wartość projektu: 399 500,00 PLN

Modelowanie i prognozowanie lokalizacji firm w kontekście korzyści gęstości. Ujęcie teoretyczne, metodologiczne i empiryczne wykorzystujące ekonometrię przestrzenną i przestrzenne uczenie maszynowe.

UMO-2021\/41\/B\/HS4\/00285 - OPUS

This is a comprehensive project anchored around problems of spatial location in economics. It considers local density (of business, population etc.) as an important factor of a decision where to locate. It covers three scientific aspects:

  1. methodology of modelling business location with regard to density,
  2. economic theory of location focused on density,
  3. empirical analysis to predict business locations (from different sectors) due to density – generating a map of territorial potential for a given area.

Project is to answer the intuitive observation that the density of business location and residents creates a feedback loop - it is the cause and effect of location decisions in the economy. It is natural that agricultural businesses are located in peripheral areas (i.e. with a lower density of firms) and knowledge-intensive firms in central areas (i.e. with higher density). It is also clear that the closest neighbour in a large city is within a radius of e.g. 1-3 km, but outside the city, the radius will be much broader. It is a bit less evident whether companies, e.g. from the trade and brokerage sector attract or repulse their locations and what is the sectoral composition of their surroundings. It is also not intuitive whether companies from the processing sector prefer to be located in e.g a medium-sized city far from the highway or in a small town near the highway. One can intuitively assume that the characteristics of companies located in high-density areas are different from those in low-density areas. Many such questions can be asked - also for investments and prices on the real estate market, population movement, and, consequently, for the labour market and many others.


Analiza determinant przetrwania startupów technologicznych - czynniki przestrzenne i interakcje

022/DIA/2020/49 - DIAMENTOWY GRANT

Kierownik: Kubara Maria, Opiekun: Lewandowska Magdalena
Początek: 2020-10-14, Koniec: 2024-10-13
Wartość projektu: 179 570,00 PLN

Analiza determinant przetrwania startupów technologicznych - czynniki przestrzenne i interakcje

022/DIA/2020/49 - DIAMENTOWY GRANT

Celem naukowym projektu jest dokonanie analizy czynników sukcesu startupów
technologicznych, szczególnie w kontekście wpływu lokalizacji na przetrwanie firmy. Proponowane
badanie ma swoje podstawy w teoriach lokalizacyjnych przedsiębiorstw (teoria klasyczna,
behawioralna, Nowa Geografia Ekonomiczna) oraz w stosunkowo nowych podejściach teorii
ewolucyjnej i ko-ewolucyjnej. Przeprowadzona analiza będzie również dotykać najważniejszych
obecnie obszarów badawczych w dziedzinie regionalistyki –budowanie metodologii dla badań w
obszarach miejskich, ekonometryczne modelowanie przestrzenne, badania lokalizacji aktywności
ekonomicznej i innowacji, połączenie big data i regionalistyki. Proponowane badanie będzie dotyczyć
przede wszystkim szeroko zakrojonej problematyki ekosystemów przedsiębiorczych startupów
(entrepreneurial ecosystems) – jednego z najnowszych tematów badawczych, pojawiających się na
najważniejszych konferencjach regionalistów.


Experiments on gender stereotypes at the university

UMO-2019/35/O/HS4/01640 - PRELUDIUM BIS

Kierownik: Krawczyk Michał, Opiekun: Cedro Monika
Początek: 2020-10-01, Koniec: 2024-09-30
Wartość projektu: 527 160,00 PLN

Experiments on gender stereotypes at the university

UMO-2019/35/O/HS4/01640 - PRELUDIUM BIS

The pursuit of science (esp. exact sciences) is commonly associated with the male gender. This has negativeconsequences but identifying the bias is hard. People are often unwilling to admit to it, which gives rise to newmethods of detection, e.g. the Implicit Association Test, IAT (Greenwald, McGhee, & Schwartz, 1998). In thisproject we propose two novel ways to uncover implicit gender-science bias. In Study 1, modified versions ofthe “female surgeon riddle” will be used. The participants will be asked questions such as: “A professor ofphysics had a child but was not this child's father. How is it possible?”. Inability to guess that she was themother will be taken as a proxy for stereotyping.In Study 2, they will be asked to translate a short text into Polish, e.g. “The third edition of the bookMathematical Concepts in the Physical Sciences by M. L. Boas provides a comprehensive introduction to thefield of mathematical physics.”. To express it correctly in Polish, the translator has to know that Boas was awoman, something that Google could tell them in less than a second.

Again, failure to check it and translatingas if Boas was a man will be an indicator of a bias. Between-subject treatment manipulations will be conductedin both studies to investigate factors which may help overcome the bias. In particular, we will check if monetaryincentives encourage verifying the stereotypical notion in Study 2.In Studies 3 and 4 we will investigate consequences of the bias.

Studies find that explicit gender discriminationin decisions on hiring, promotion, submissions, grant allocation is weak (Ceci, Ginther, Kahn, & Williams, 2014;Ceci & Williams, 2011), so we will investigate two informal ways in which male academics may be, on average,more supported than their female colleagues. First, “old-boys” networks  may provide more assistance andinformation about opportunities to males (Villanueva-Felez, Woolley, & Cañibano, 2015). In our Study 3,researchers employed at a university department (small enough to know most of their colleagues) will be toldof a one-time opportunity to receive additional research money amounting to 10 thousand PLN. They will beasked to rank a few of their colleagues (excluding themselves) that deserve the grant the most. The votes willbe confidential but not anonymous, which will allow identifying self-sex preference and controlling forpublications records, research interest, co-authoring networks etc. We intend to conduct this study at fourdepartments, contrasting exact sciences with humanities. In each of studies 1-3 we will also measureparticipants’ gender-science bias using both explicit declarations and the IAT.Finally, in Study 4, we will focus on student evaluation of teaching (SET).

Previous studies suggest that it  maybe gender-biased (Mitchell & Martin, 2018) and overall arbitrary, i.e. unrelated to actual effectiveness ofteaching (Uttl, White, & Gonzalez, 2017). Here, we will make use of a natural experiment, focusing on suchSET questions as whether the room was properly equipped for the classes, which have nothing to do withteacher’s performance. Thus, if there is there is any systematic difference for these questions between(randomly assigned) male teachers and female teachers of the same subject, teaching in the same rooms, itwill reveal evaluating students’ gender bias


New research program devoted to enhancing the validity and robustness of stated preference valuation methods in the face of selected behavioral phenomena and biases

UMO-2018/30/E/HS4/00388 - SONATA BIS

Początek: 2019-07-17, Koniec: 2024-07-16
Wartość projektu: 1 475 500,00 PLN

New research program devoted to enhancing the validity and robustness of stated preference valuation methods in the face of selected behavioral phenomena and biases

UMO-2018/30/E/HS4/00388 - SONATA BIS

The  project concerns state-of-the-art stated  preference  (SP)  methods  for  modeling  consumers’  preferences  and  the  valuation  of  non-market  goods.  We  will  deal  with  several  issues  related  to  behavioral  anomalies, such  as  “anchoring”,  “fat  tails  problem”,  insufficient  sensitivity  to  scope,  ordering  effects,  etc., which are observed in SP studies despite utilizing the state-of-the-art recommendations for their construction, such  as  making  the  survey  instruments  incentive  compatible.

The aim  of  this  project  is  to  systematically  investigate selected biases and propose new ways to deal with them, thus making SP methods more robust and enhancing their validity.In particular, we intend to investigate the following issues: controlling for experience and information with the good, private or public nature of the good, survey quality-related anomalies (speeding, yeah-saying, attention, cognitive burden), incorrect accounting for preference heterogeneity, attribute non-attendance, non-constant marginal utility  of  money,  using  the  new  joint  discrete-continuous  econometric  models,  experimental  exploration  of  the  drivers  of  anchoring  observed  for  the  monetary  attribute,  combined  stated  and  revealed  preference  data  sources,  and  choice  set  formation. 

Overall,  this  project  constitutes a  research  program  consisting  of  several  components  that  are  contributing  to  the understanding  of  the  behavioral  anomalies  observed in SP studies, and can lead to addressing the problems these anomalies cause for the interpretation of SP results. 


POLSKIE POWROTY 2019

PPN/PP0/2019/1/ 00043 /U/0001 - NAWA

Kierownik: Matysiak Anna, Opiekun: Wielgopolan Anna
Początek: 2019-11-05, Koniec: 2024-05-04
Wartość projektu: 2 259 232,00 PLN

POLSKIE POWROTY 2019

PPN/PP0/2019/1/ 00043 /U/0001 - NAWA

The aim is to establish a Centre for Labour and Family Dynamics (LABFAM) at the Faculty of Economic Sciences at the University of Warsaw. It is be the first research centre in Europe, which comprehensively addresses the consequences of rapid labour market changes for families (partnership formation and dissolution and fertility) in contemporary post-industrial societies with a focus on Europe.

Family formation and stability are crucial for individual well-being. They also determine the future social, economic and cultural development of a country. Family dynamics is at the same time affected by the continuously changing labour markets.

In LABFAM we study how these changes influence family dynamics and which policies can alleviate their negative consequences and thus improve the well-being of societies. In the first years, we will focus on the profound labour market changes caused by globalisation and digitalisation. We will also monitor the labour market and, with time, expand our research agenda (e.g. to labour market changes caused by climate change).

In addition, LABFAM will aim at:

1) improving availability of data for labour market and family research;

2) educating students;

3) providing evidence-based policy implications.

By concentrating on highly socially relevant and timely topics, which have not yet been addressed, and applying novel methodology (e.g. mixture cure models), we will make important contributions to family research with a potential to be published in high impact international journals. LABFAM will also stimulate scientific exchange in the fields of family and labour market, policy research, migration, globalisation and digitalisation. All in all, LABFAM will greatly contribute to the development of Polish social science and will strengthen the international research position of the WNE UW.

LabFam logo


Political polarization and parliamentary voting on economic policies: thecase of Poland 2005-2019

UMO-2020/37/B/HS4/00787 - OPUS

Kierownik: Fałkowski Jan, Opiekun: Cedro Monika
Początek: 2021-04-01, Koniec: 2024-03-31
Wartość projektu: 342 600,00 PLN

Political polarization and parliamentary voting on economic policies: thecase of Poland 2005-2019

UMO-2020/37/B/HS4/00787 - OPUS

Economic factors have been commonly assumed important in shaping the level of political conflict and there has been a growing recognition that a fierce fight between opposing points of view can significantly affect the economy. Indeed, the available literature provides strong support for the existence of a connection between political polarization and the functioning of the economy. However, it also opens up at least three challenges for future research.
First, it is important to improve our understanding of the specific transmission channels through which the documented effects of political polarization on the economy can take place. Second, most of the available evidence is for the US. It is important to complement it with the insights from a different institutional and geographical context. The third challenge is to provide new analytical tools to assess the role of political polarization in shaping economic outcomes. Poland, which is the focus of this project, provides an excellent context for an analysis that will surmount these challenges, at least in part. To best of our knowledge, the consequences of political polarization for the economy in Poland have not been subject to a closer scrutiny. Our focus will be on political elite polarization and the decision that each political party and individual politician make when a vote is held in a parliament. In order to measure the latter, voting behaviour of Polish Members of Parliament (MPs) will be analyzed. The analysis will cover the period 2005-2019.
The time span of the project covers the period when the country was ruled by one of the two centre-right wing parties, either the Civic Platform (Platforma Obywatelska; PO) or the Law and Justice (Prawo i Sprawiedliwość; PiS). Further, and equally important given our focus, the time that the project plans to cover is the time of an increasing animosity between the two parties. Moreover, since the period we want to cover contains both the time when PO was in power and PiS was in opposition and the time when PiS was in power and PO was in opposition, we can test whether political polarization differs between the two sub-periods. To the extent political stage is really polarized we expect to find that in most (if not in all) instances the two opposing camps vote differently from each other and finding a consensus between them is very difficult if possible at all. When considering a dynamic perspective, we will assume that if the two opposing camps vote more differently today than in the past, then this will be a signal of deeper polarization in the Sejm. To test this empirically we will create a measure that will allow us to see to what extent deputies from a governing party (coalition) agree with deputies from the opposition. With the help of econometric tools (time series and panel data techniques) and network analysis we will investigate to what extent parties, and individual MPs with different party affiliation, increasingly agree or disagree on various policy issues (as reflected by their voting behaviour).
The specific attention will be paid to comparing economic issues vis-à-vis other matters. As regards the former, our focus will be on votes on welfare policies (e.g. support for large families, retirement age), changes to existing taxes (e.g. VAT) or budget acts. This perspective will allow us to check whether
political conflict affects economic and non-economic affairs differently. Furthermore, we should be able to see if voting on economic issues during economic upheaval or before key meetings of the European Council provides the feuding camps with an opportunity to cease fire or, to the contrary, it adds fuel to the flame. While it is difficult to make a priori specific predictions about the relationship in question, shedding more light on this issue should allow us to achieve a better understanding of the nature and potential consequences of political conflict. Upon completing the project, we will complement a large body of economic research that deals with the issue of political competition. The project will also expand the studies that focus on party discipline or the results of roll-call votes. Finally, our project will be a value-added to an extensive literature on the effects of political polarization which mainly concentrates on the polarization within the public 


The role of institutions for health, attitudes and behaviours in later life

UMO-2019/33/B/HS4/00387 - OPUS

Kierownik: Nicińska Anna, Opiekun: Kaźmierczak Ewa
Początek: 2020-01-30, Koniec: 2024-01-29
Wartość projektu: 302 998,00 PLN

The role of institutions for health, attitudes and behaviours in later life

UMO-2019/33/B/HS4/00387 - OPUS

Post-communist countries share systematic similarities that make them distinct from Western-European countries, despite three decades of capitalism. Demographic ageing concerns all European populations, but its dynamics and repercussions are country-specific. Therefore, challenges stemming from ageing might need to be addressed differently in the countries influenced by the Soviet Union than in Western Europe. Surprisingly little is known on the consequences of communism in the context of individual and population ageing.
Present study addresses this void. We investigate two outcomes critical for welfare states and public finances in ageing populations, namely: (1) the health status in later life, shaping demand for long term care; and (2) the attitudes and behaviours concerning care over the dependent persons, shaping supply of informal family-based care.
We treat education as a channel of transmission of socially-desired values’ system and a main force of secondary socialization that, along with primary socialization taking place in a family, shapes lifelong health habits, and attitudes during formative ages of particular vulnerability to influences (i.e. impressionable years). Our goal is to examine causal relationship between the two outcomes specified above and the exposure to communism (EC) with particular focus on education.
In particular, we aim to test following hypotheses:
H1. Communist education reduced familiaristic attitudes and behaviours independently from general EC, ceteris paribus.
H2. Communist education improved later-life health independently from general EC, ceteris paribus.
H3. The exposure to communism during impressionable years modified the above effects of general EC and communist education, ceteris paribus.
 
We use two main data sources concerned with ageing in Europe: Generations and Gender Survey (GGS), and Survey on Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). The population of interest includes individuals from cohorts exposed and unexposed to communism in post-communist countries, and a control group of individuals living in other European countries. We analyse familiaristic behaviours predominantly with two available waves of GGS sampling adults from 15 countries, whereas later-life health with SHARE, as it is concerned with population of adults aged at least 50 and, in addition to its longitudinality comprising of six regular waves, provides retrospective data on individual life histories SHARELIFE. These datasets will be complemented with the World Values Survey (WVS) and European Social Survey (ESS) to shed more light on
mechanisms with which commusnim affected familiaristic behaviours and later-life health. Our empirical analysis refers to advanced statistical methods applied to natural experiment yielded by the past reforms of education systems in communist and capitalist regimes. We use the number of years of compulsory schooling as an instrumental variable (IV) in order to address endogeneity between education and health. We test the IV for plausible exogeneity. Baseline analyses for panel and pooled data comprise of linear fixed effects estimations, difference-in-differences estimations and ordinary least squares with IV and robust co-variance matrix. For robustness checks, we conduct Placebo tests, estimate the probit models, use synthetic controls and propensity score matching. 
 


Działanie I.3.9. IDUB 'Mobilność i nierówności przez pryzmat nowych cyfrowych źródeł danych'

01/IDUB/2019/94 - IDUB

Kierownik: Brzeziński Michał, Opiekun: Bogacz Iwona/Kaźmierczak Ewa
Początek: 2020-12-01, Koniec: 2023-12-31
Wartość projektu: 3 535 000,00 PLN

Działanie I.3.9. IDUB 'Mobilność i nierówności przez pryzmat nowych cyfrowych źródeł danych'

01/IDUB/2019/94 - IDUB

The main objective of the action is to create a research programme at the UW using new types of data in innovative research dedicated to the determinants, measurement and consequences of territorial mobility, social mobility and economic inequality.

These issues are among the most pressing societal challenges of modern times. Developing research on them would improve UW's global standing in the social sciences and sustainably enhance publication opportunities in areas of great and growing interest. 
The primary outcome of the action is to consolidate and significantly strengthen the capacity of researchers already working or encouraged to work with the UW in three key areas:

  • the ability to publish in high-impact journals in areas related to the study of mobility and inequality using new digital data sources;
  • ability to form consortia able to compete and win in the most prestigious national (NCN MAESTRO) and international (Horizon Europe) competitions requiring an interdisciplinary approach;
  • establishing by the consolidated team from the University of Warsaw research cooperation with the best academic centres in the world, which deal with the problems of mobility and inequality.  

Additionally, we assume that by consolidating existing resources it will be possible to achieve purely scientific goals, e.g. developing new theoretical or methodological approaches.
The action is to make use of previous scientific experience in this field of researchers from, among others, the Faculty of Economic Sciences, Centre of Migration Research, DELab, EUROREG, Institute of Sociology, Faculty of Applied Social Sciences and Social Reintegration, Faculty of Political Sciences and International Relations and several other units of the University of Warsaw. 

 


Działanie II.2.1 IDUB Program dla naukowców wizytujących:

01/IDUB/2019/94 - IDUB

Kierownik: Czajkowski Mikołaj, Opiekun: Bogacz Iwona/Kaźmierczak Ewa
Początek: 2020-11-16, Koniec: 2023-12-31
Wartość projektu: 3 838 781,00 PLN

Działanie II.2.1 IDUB Program dla naukowców wizytujących:

01/IDUB/2019/94 - IDUB


The measure consists in creating small scientific teams consisting of an invited researcher with outstanding scientific achievements in a given discipline and researchers from the Warsaw University. In particular, stimulation of individual cooperation (tandem) is preferred. 

The measure is of horizontal nature and therefore open to all research disciplines at the University. However, particular emphasis will be placed on actions whose effectiveness in increasing scientific excellence of a given discipline is potentially the highest, taking into account the relation between the level of research of a given discipline in Poland and the state-of-the-art represented by the best units in the world (e.g. the field of social sciences, where a large part of research is of local or regional character). The indicative budget breakdown is 40% for POB activities, 60% for open access applications. 


Systemic Excise Risk Analyzer (Systemowy Analizator Ryzyk Akcyzowych (SARA)

GOSPOSTRATEG-II/0001/2020-00 - GOSPOSTRATEG

Kierownik: Kudła Janusz, Opiekun: Lewandowska Magdalena
Początek: 2020-12-01, Koniec: 2023-11-30
Wartość projektu: 2 421 337,00 PLN

Systemic Excise Risk Analyzer (Systemowy Analizator Ryzyk Akcyzowych (SARA)

GOSPOSTRATEG-II/0001/2020-00 - GOSPOSTRATEG

The aim of the project is to develop a methodology for identifying and assessing the risk of depletion of excise duty - System Excise Risk Analyzer (SARA). The use of SARA will contribute to reducing the size of depletion:
• directly - by increasing the ability to detect them,
• indirectly - as a result of discouraging from taking actions leading to their creation (deterrence effect).
The methodology used will also reduce the gap in income taxes and the tax on goods and services.
SARA will be a set of quantitative methods and computer techniques that will enable the analysis of large data sets with a diversified structure (big data) and the extraction of key data from them due to the purpose (smart data) and the ability to quickly signal (fast data) irregularities resulting in tax depletion. The analysis of the available data should reveal the correctness of the operation of excise duty taxpayers, the recognition of which will enable the examination of the causality between the characteristics of these entities and their behavior. On this basis, a fraudulent taxpayer profile will be developed as a template used to assess the risk of depletion in individual cases. This analytical approach will enable the prediction of the depletion of excise duty in the following systems: subject (i.e. in individual groups of excise goods), spatial (regional) and subject.

The developed methodology will make it possible to estimate the scale of depletion in excise duty in individual groups of excise goods and in a territorial cross-section, and to estimate the probability and scale of depletion by
registered and unregistered taxpayers


Wyświetleń 11 do 20 (155 Razem)