General guidelines

Both graduate and undergraduate thesis projects must display the authors' command of academic research (documentation, presentation) and academic writing. The elements evaluated are: the project structure, introduction, conclusions, bibliography, footnotes, charts and graphs, appendices, clarity of argument, academic language. The project's style of writing should be clear and concise. The length prescribed below must be observed.
Content-wise, graduate and undergraduate thesis projects differ conceptually. Whereas undergraduate thesis (praca licencjacka) may be an in-depth description of a problem field (secondary research), graduate thesis (praca magisterska) requires an independent solution of a research problem (primary research) as well.

First-cycle or undergraduate (praca licencjacka) thesis project

The project submitted as a first-cycle (undergraduate) degree project may be of descriptive character (secondary research). It should have the form of an in-depth paper of max. 100,000 characters including spaces (app. 50 pages of standard typescript). The introduction shall set out the project aim, justify the choice of sources and explain the project structure. If the project is based on the literature of the field, the author is expected to exhibit independence as to the project structure and source interpretation. If the project is based on real-life data or primary input, the author should prove capable of rendering a correct case analysis in terms of economic knowledge gained in the course of study and of applying analytical tools and techniques (statistics, etc.).

Second-cycle or graduate (praca magisterska) thesis project

The second-cycle project should contain the results of a research task assigned by the thesis supervisor and conducted independently by the student. The project should not exceed 160,000 characters including spaces (approximately 80 pages). Its introduction should set out the thesis statement and the aim of the project, include a review of the standpoints presented in the recent literature of the field (secondary research), describe the assumed research methodology and justify the selection of sources. The author is expected to research the most recent literature of the field, to perform independent analysis, to interpret empirical data in the light of economic (and other, in case of an interdisciplinary project) theories, and to use analytical techniques (statistics, econometrics, etc.) in their dissertations.

Formal thesis requirements (layout and structure standards)

The entire master's dissertation should not exceed 160,000 characters including spaces.

Your dissertation should have the following structure (use the layout models provided here; do not forget to remove all italicised comments):
A. title page
B. supervisor's approval and the statement of authorship*
C. abstract and keywords' page**
D. table of content
E. the body of the text
F. bibliography
G. a list of indexes, including: Index of Abbreviations, Index of Tables, Index of Figures, Index of Appendices, ... (whichever apply)
H. appendices

* In the digital version of your dissertation this page must be included as a colour-scanned (resolution 150 dpi) image pasted on page 2.
** You should get your abstract and keywords translated into Polish. Your abstract (EN+PL) cannot count more than 800 characters altogether (spaces included). Choose up to 10 keywords. Think which keywords will identify your project easily in a database search.


Main text body
Quotes over 3 lines long
Table and figure headings
Table body
Table and figure source references
Figures (graphs, charts, images)
Bibliography entries

Headings: All chapter and section headings should be numbered (chapter I, section 1.1, subsection 1.1.1). No more than three levels of chapter divisions permitted. Do not introduce a lower-level section numbering if there is only one section you would place on that level. Do not use automated chapter numbering.
Do not use the MS Word header/footer function throughout your project.

Table of content: do not generate your table of contents automatically. Format your table of content as an invisible table with two columns for section headings and section numbers respectively. Include all sections and subsections.

Emphatic font formatting: set foreign words and phrases in italic, apart from names or common expressions. Set words and phrases you want to emphasise in bold or e x p a n d t h e m.

Footnotes: Put the footnote number behind the word or at the end of the last sentence you comment on. Indent second and every next line of a block footnote so as to highlight the footnote number. Reference footnote can either consist of full or of abridged bibliographic reference.

Sections: begin each chapter with a new page (press CTRL+Enter for a page break). Spacing between headings and text or next heading: 1.5 lines.

Tables: all tables possess headings and source references. Table heading numbering should run continually throughout your entire dissertation (Table 1.; Table 2.; ...). If justified, you may set your table in landscape on a separate page. Table may slightly exceed the margin lines. If justified, text in the first column cells may be aligned to the left. Set the heading row of your table in bold, text in cells centred.

Table 13. Here comes the title - put no full stop at the end

Source: Reference your source as you do with other literature. Indent longer text. Leave one blank line before source reference. Font Times New Roman, 10 pts. Put a full stop at the end.

Figures (graphs, charts, images): All figures have headings and source references. You may either put them above your image or immediately below it, always with 1 blank line left between them. Format figure headings as table headings. You can put it also below the figure, yet before the source reference. In this case, put a full stop at the end of the reference.
In order to keep file volume low, you are recommended to provide your graphics (once they exceed 10MB) as separate files linked to your .DOC file. (menu: Insert/Picture/From File, in the dialog choose 'Link to file'). Collect all your graphics and the text file in one folder. Do not include large bulk of texts as graphic files!

Bibliography: sort entries from A to Z by Author's family name, institution name, or title (in absence of the first two).
Stay absolutely consistent with your referencing principles, consult a reputable referencing manual. Whenever justified, bibliography may be split into parts.
When you reference internet materials, do not forget to include the author (individual or corporate), title, whenever possible date of posting, web URL, and date of download/access.
Do NOT number nor bullet out bibliographic entries.

Indexes: format all index entries as bibliography entries. The only difference is the depth of indentation - it should go as deep as the words: Table X. or Figure Y. go into the line, whereas with bibliography you indent the second and next lines at 1 cm.

Thesis evaluation

All thesis projects written under the supervision of the Faculty of Economics are bound to conform to norms and standards approved by the Faculty Board in a resolution ruled on 20 June 2000. Both licencjat (undergraduate) and magister (graduate) dissertations are evaluated by supervisor and a second reader by means of the same evaluation procedure. A thesis project may be reviewed only after the author's supervisor has evaluated it. If the disparity between the grades assigned by the supervisor and the second reader equals or exceeds two gradients, the project will be re-evaluated by a third reader, while all obtained grades will be considered when calculating the average thesis project grade. If the second reader assigns the fail grade to the project it belongs to the student's supervisor to proceed with either 1) applying for its re-evaluation by a third reader (whereas a second failing grade results in barring the author from defending their project) or 2) recommending the student to amend their project according to the second reader's suggestions.

All evaluators are expected to assume a position on all the above-mentioned requirements. Project evaluation contains two steps: first, points are assigned for each considered feature, which allows to estimate the final result; second, the evaluator writes an overall descriptive assessment of the project, which allows to determine the final result precisely.

Evaluation points are assigned as to the thesis content and to its formal aspects separately, and two separate minimal number of points are set out for these. The assessment of the evaluator may, but need not, result from a direct conversion of the total number of points assigned into a grade.

The procedure of assigning points and grade conversion scale are supportive, the evaluator is obliged to comply with the procedure but is permitted to assign a review grade which does not strictly correspond to the total number of points he or she assigns. In such a case, the descriptive part of the evaluation will contain a justification of the discrepancy between the final grade and the total number of points in case it occurs.

Evaluation criteria used by the evaluators (master thesis)



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