Projekty badawcze





Wyświetleń 71 do 80 (155 Razem)

Social norm information and consumers' preferences for environmental goods

UMO-2015/19/N/HS4/03365 - PRELUDIUM

Początek: 2016-07-18, Koniec: 2021-07-17
Wartość projektu: 144 600,00 PLN

Social norm information and consumers' preferences for environmental goods

UMO-2015/19/N/HS4/03365 - PRELUDIUM

The  project  addresses  the scientific issue  of the  social norm information impact  on consumers’preferencesfor  environmental  goods.

The influenceof  information  on  preferences  is recognizedin behavioral  economics.The  role  of  social  norms  in  shaping  preference  for  environmental  goods  is  a relatively new area of interest amongst environmental economists. The proposed empirical study will allow  toobserve changes  in  consumers’preferences  with  respect  to  the  environmental  good  under varyinginformation about social norms.Basingon  the  results  of hitherto research  and  analysis  of  the  data  from  the  preliminary investigation  conducted  by  the  author  of  the  project, the  following  hypotheses were  formulated: information about social norms influence the preference for environmental goods, influence of social norm  information  on  consumers’preferences  is  heterogeneous  and influence  of  high  and  low  social norm information is asymmetric.

This project will examinefactors that could explain heterogeneity in reaction to social norm information: consumers’prior expectations about social norm and consumers’motivation types


Global commodity price links: A high frequency evaluation of co-movement and hedging opportunities

UMO-2017/27/N/HS4/02037 - PRELUDIUM

Kierownik: Mbara Gilbert, Opiekun: Cedro Monika
Początek: 2018-07-13, Koniec: 2021-07-12
Wartość projektu: 103 720,00 PLN

Global commodity price links: A high frequency evaluation of co-movement and hedging opportunities

UMO-2017/27/N/HS4/02037 - PRELUDIUM

The world economy is getting more closely connected. This means that for most of the world’s highlysought after commodities, events in New York or London can have impacts on prices in markets halfway across the globe. This is especially more so when production is distributedacross multiple locations, but market clearing through the price system is centralized in a few of the world’s financial capitals.

This study takes a new and formal look at how prices are interlinked across markets, with particularfocus on one of the world’s most highly traded commodities: coffee. This market is characterized bya physical auction where “green beans” are traded by producers (farmers, cooperatives or their agents) and an international world market where forward contracts (claims for the delivery of a prespecified amount of the underlying product) are traded. The forward or futures market reflects expectations about future supply and demand. It also acts as an avenue for risk management forsophisticated producers and an investment vehicle for financial speculators.

In an integrated global commodity market, changes in expectations as reflected by movements inthe prices of exchange traded contracts should affect spot prices in the physical auction. While we have reason to believe this intuition to be correct, we do not know the direction of causality nor the size of cross-market transmission. For physical and forward markets that are separated by great geographical distance, it become paramount to interrogate the data. This study is an attempt to bridge the gap in our knowledge about global scale price transmission from financial to physical markets or vice-versa and in the process to evaluate the feasibility of hedging spot price risk at the physical market with futures at financial exchanges. The plan to achieve this goal proceeds in two steps: collection of historical and high-frequency primary data from the Nairobi Coffee Exchange (the spot market) and forward prices from an international futures exchange; the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, followed by state of the art. econometric analysis.

Establishing cross-market linkages requires looking at long time series. Primary historical datagoing back 20 years on average auction prices at the physical market will be obtained from records atthe Nairobi Coffee Exchange. Together with the more readily available forward prices from the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, these data form a time series from which inference about long-term correlation can be made. A more detailed analysis requires looking at high frequency data from the physical auction. Such data provide insight on private valuations of buyers at the physical market and can be used to construct a demand curve. Having a demand schedule and price series, an evaluation of the feasibility of hedging spot (physical) price risk using exchange traded forwards canthen be undertaken. At the end of this process, we should have established the level and direction of price transmission between the two markets and the feasibility of hedging spot price risk using the forward market.


FIN-TECH A FINancial supervision and TECHnology compliance training programme

828215 - HORYZONT 2020

Kierownik: Wójcik Piotr, Opiekun: Gloeh Anna
Początek: 2019-01-01, Koniec: 2021-06-30
Wartość projektu: 221 500,00 PLN

FIN-TECH A FINancial supervision and TECHnology compliance training programme

828215 - HORYZONT 2020

Financial Technology (Fin Tech) means "Technology enabled financial innovations". There is a strong need to improve the competitiveness of the European Fin Tech sector, creating a common regulatory field across all countries which, while encouraging innovations in Big Data analytics, Artificial Intelligence, and Blockchain technologies, can correctly measure their risks. Europe is a broad mosaic of regulatory landscapes.
Policy makers and regulators must move quickly to establish a new regulatory framework for emerging fintechs, without stifling their economic potential.
The FIN-TECH project, under the EU's Horizon2020 funding scheme, aims to create a European training programme, aimed at providing shared risk management solutions that automatize compliance of Fintech companies (RegTech) and, at the same time, increases the efficiency of supervisory activities (SupTech). In other words, we aim at connecting FINancial supervision with TECHnological compliance, from which the acronym of the project: FIN-TECH.
The project programme will be built jointly by 25 university and fntech partners that are established experts in fintech risk
management, that will share knowledge with with regulators, supervisors and fintech associations and hubs from all 28
European Union countries, plus Switzerland.
The goals of the project will be achieved through research activity in risk management models for Big data analytics, AI and Blockchain applications to finance, discussed in three different research workshops; two levels of knowledge exchange sessions: a training level, run at the location of the involved supervisor in each of the 29 countries, to achieve uniformity across Europe; a coding level, centralised at the location of six different fintech hubs. The project will be simultaneously disseminated and validated through a dedicated web site, social network activity, users feedback and validation by established bank, insurance and investment funds.
BUDGET: 50 000 EUR


Determinants of overconfidence: evidence from sports and games.

UMO-2017/27/B/HS4/00624 - OPUS

Kierownik: Krawczyk Michał, Opiekun: Cedro Monika
Początek: 2018-06-20, Koniec: 2021-06-19
Wartość projektu: 291 280,00 PLN

Determinants of overconfidence: evidence from sports and games.

UMO-2017/27/B/HS4/00624 - OPUS

In this project we wish to explore under what conditions people are likely to be excessively confident about their own qualities and abilities. Previous literature suggests that such a fallacy is quite common. For example, large majority of drivers claim that they are better than a typical driver, which obviously must be far from the truth. This and related tendencies are described with the notion of “overconfidence”. It has been suggested that overconfidence may help explain many different puzzling observations, including prevalence of sports betting, insufficient saving, excessive trading on the stock exchange and (grossly) unprofitable mergers and acquisitions in the corporate world. To be sure, there are also alternative explanations to these complex phenomena. Laboratory experiments make it possible to observe overconfidence more directly, and the conditions under which people make theirpredictions can be easily manipulated. This may help us understand the phenomenon better. In particular, if people report high confidence to appear skilled or competent, making their predictions public may strengthen the tendency. By contrast, making thepossibly embarrassing actual performance public can reduce overconfidence, and so can providing direct monetary rewards for predicting correctly. The disadvantage of using experiments is that their results may or may not generalize to less artificial tasks and contexts, social groups other than students, higher stakes etc. In this project we will implement novel designs of laboratory, but also field, and natural experiments to achieve possibly clean identification of overconfidence in large and diversified samples. We will study forecasts and behavior of amateur runners and parlor game players, as well as student population.

We will use two main measures of overconfidence. In our studies of runners forecast error will be calculated as the difference (positive or negative) between the time in which the runner predicted she would complete the race and the actual time she needed. On the other hand, Slowdown will reflect the difference between the speed in the first and the second half of the race, calculated using final and split times. Large slowdown suggests an overly optimistic (overconfident) start. Similarly we will observe both explicit forecasts and choices signaling confidence or lack thereof in parlor games and in laboratory tasks. We will use these measures to study several under-researched topics related to overconfidence. We will look at the differences between various professions, to check if, say, lawyers that are trained to appear self-confident and possibly rewarded for that are indeed moreoverconfident than, say, librarians. We will investigate the role of experience with the task, exploring if seasoned runners make more reliable forecasts and plan their pace better. We will investigate the role of predictions being made privately vs. publicly. It is possible, for example, that typically observed male overconfidence is merely a matter of different self-presentation styles being perceived as appropriate for the two genders. We will also check if rewarding correct predictions makes a difference. Finally, we will compare overconfidence in easier vs. more difficult tasks, for example shorter vs. longer races. To summarize, we will investigate several dimensions that might affect the likelihood of overconfident declarations and behaviors but have not been subject to sufficient study so far. This was mostly because suitable data sets were not available, the problem we solve with our innovative approach to identifying overconfidence in the field.


R-EDUREFORM - Social dialogue and industrial relations in education: the challenges of multi-level governance and of privatization in Europe

VS/2020/0120 - HORYZONT 2020

Kierownik: Gajderowicz Tomasz, Opiekun: Gloeh Anna
Początek: 2020-04-01, Koniec: 2021-03-31
Wartość projektu: 121 839,00 PLN

R-EDUREFORM - Social dialogue and industrial relations in education: the challenges of multi-level governance and of privatization in Europe

VS/2020/0120 - HORYZONT 2020

With a view to foster quality and inclusive education as laid down in the European Pillar of Social Rights (EPSR), the proposed project is to add substantially to the knowledge base and understanding on the dynamics between industrial relations in the education sector, global and European reform trends, and ongoing developments in European Union governance system, such as the mainstreaming of the EPSR into the European Semester framework, and the ‘relaunch’ of social dialogue.

Specifically, the research will focus on how the process and outcomes of the European Semester, as a form of multi-level governance, and the related main education reforms promoted across Europe are changing teachers' working environments and rights, and boosting shifts in well-established forms of industrial relations and social dialogue at the national level. The project consortium, composed by ETUCE and the project co-applicants – UCLouvain, University of Naples Federico II and University of Warsaw, will meet twice to prepare and evaluate the research work. An EU-level analysis and survey will be complemented by an in-depth investigation in 4 EU countries with different industrial relations models, and prevailing paths of education reforms/privatisation: Belgium, Italy, Sweden and Poland.

Research outcomes are to provide evidence on how developments in industrial relations at the European and national scales are associated with patterns of privatisation. Education trade unions members of ETUCE, stakeholders and policy makers will have the chance to discuss the implications of the research findings on the future further mainstreaming of the European Pillar of Social Rights into the EU-level governance at the occasion of the research launch conference which will gather around 60 representatives from EU/EFTA and Candidate countries. The outcomes are to be distributed in the form of a report, summary and glossary to facilitate the dissemination of academic findings among relevant stakeholders.

COST 27 503,28 EUR


Occupational self-selection: the role of parents

UMO-2016/21/N/HS4/02109 - PRELUDIUM

Kierownik: Magdalena Smyk, Opiekun: Lewandowska Magdalena
Początek: 2017-03-06, Koniec: 2021-03-05
Wartość projektu: 131 398,00 PLN

Occupational self-selection: the role of parents

UMO-2016/21/N/HS4/02109 - PRELUDIUM

"Who  are  you?" -To  such  a  question,  a  first  thought  is  to  answer  with  occupation.  "I'm  a  lawyer", "I'm  a  doctor,"  "I'm  an  astronaut" -there  are  few  choices  inour  lives  that  in such  a  comprehensive manner  determine  who  we  are  or  even  what  we  feel  we  are.  The  choice  of  profession  is  therefore unique  in  many  ways.  Admittedly,  the  decision  is  taken  in  high  school,  but  also  undeniably  it becomes a turning point in the lives of virtually everyone.What are the drivers of the choice of profession? Why do we want to be a dancer and not a scientist? A  doctor  and  not  a  firefighter?  While  there  are  possibly  many  factors,  in  economic  theory  it  is assumed that the decisionis based on two pieces of information: the cost of acquiring education and future  earnings.  If  we  were  all  alike,  the  logic  of  this  model  implies  we  would  all  choose  the  same profession.  But  we  are  not -we  differ  in  ability  to  learn  various  subjects  and acquire  specific  skills, finally we also differ in how productive we are at many tasks. Although the theoretical model shows the way, to achieve highest gains for individuals and economy at large -perfect assign of people to occupations in practice does not happen. Not everyone who has the  ability  to  perform  very  complex  work  has  the  means  to  learn  them.  Some  workers  are (sometimes  even  at  the  level  of  education)  discriminated  against  because  of  characteristics  that  do not affect their productivity, for example  due to gender or race. These factors have already been at the interest to economic research.This study takes a different starting point, focusing on internal factors, most notably: preferences. So far, majority of the literature takes the preferences as given, a "black box". Yet, preferences are not something we are born with, but rather an outcome of formation during childhood and adolescence. They are thus undoubtedly affected by parents.Our  study  will  inquire  the  extent  to  which  parents'  example  and  beliefs  have  an  impact  on  the shaping  of  preferences  and,  consequently,  the  choice  of  occupation  by  youth.  Parents  listening, watching  and  giving  advice  build  an  image  of  the  world.  Why  this mechanism may  be  important?  It affects the perception of costs and benefits evaluated at the moment of choosing the profession.Analyzing  the  impact  of  parents  on  children's  career  decisions  seem  particularly  relevant  to  the socalled. "problem of self-selection". When we look at the labor market and then who goes to which the  profession,  we  can  easily  extract  the  professions  dominated  by  men  and  those  dominated  by women.   So   the   question   arises:   whether   the   distribution   stems   from   preferences   or   maybe influenced  by  other  factors?  The  labor  market  is  changing -both  men  and  women  are  increasingly opting for professions traditionally reserved for representatives of the other sex. This would suggest that  differences  in  preferences  are  not  only  nature,  but  also  nurture.  At  the  same  time  the  gap  in participation,  in  some  professions  still  remains  wide.  Moreover,  women  often  choose  lower  paid
professions,  resulting  in  the  wage  gap  between  women  and  men.  From  this  perspective,  exploring the  mechanism  of  formation  of  the  professional  preferences  seems  not  only  interesting  but  also important from the point of view of development.


Analysis of factors influencing believes, attitudes and support level for solutions reducing negative effect of Anthropogenic Climate Change

UMO-2017/25/N/HS4/01055 - PRELUDIUM

Początek: 2018-03-05, Koniec: 2021-03-04
Wartość projektu: 96 500,00 PLN

Analysis of factors influencing believes, attitudes and support level for solutions reducing negative effect of Anthropogenic Climate Change

UMO-2017/25/N/HS4/01055 - PRELUDIUM

A believe that the currently observed, fast climate changes are caused mainly by human activity is widely spread among scientists dealing with climate. Global Warming has its roots in the industrial revolution, which enabled people to reach high, never before attainable, level of living. Unfortunately, the negative side effects of the development of civilisation become a growing threat for the rest of life on Earth, and in a long run for people themselves. Causes and possible consequences of Global Warming are already well recognised by the experts working in this field. There are also developed solutions which could effectively counteract this problem.

The paradox of this situation is that despite the massive importance of the problem and detailed expert analyses of both: the causes and the possible outcomes, negative tendencies are getting even stronger. The intuitive assumption that presenting righteous information concerning the problem is an effective way of convincing society that actions in this field are indispensable, turned out to be faulty. The situation iscomplicated even further by the political and industrial lobbies which try to manipulate people's believes concerning environmental problems.

Experts dealing with the issue of Global Warming agree that the threats resulting from this phenomenon are serious and they require immediate preventive actions (such as: reduction of CO2 emissions, adapting cities and agriculture to weather anomalies occurring more often etc.) However, there is an important and often mentioned in the literature barrier which hinders or even disables introduction of such actions -low social support.

The project will allow to check what is the impact of various factors indicated in the scholar literature of the subject on the support for actions counteracting Climate Change. The study is based on social psychology, experimental economy and ecological psychology. Such interdisciplinary approach enables to look at the problem from a different angle and carries great possibility of discovering new, important knowledge. Comparing in one project the significance of e.g. understanding of the causes of the phenomenon, assessment of its consequences, feeling responsible, susceptibility for the mechanism of denial of cumbersome information etc., would allow to evaluate relations between thefactors and assess their impact on support for actions reducing negative effects of Global Warming.

Moreover, the strong point of the research is conducting it in two countries in Poland and in Germany. They are similar when it comes to geography, culture and structure of population, but they differ significantly with their climate and energy policies.

The intention of the applicant is to better understand the factors shaping attitudes towards Anthropogenic Climate Change and thus to contribute in creation of more effective ways of reaching people with knowledge concerning this problem and solutions recommended by the experts.


Consumers' preferences for demand side management in Poland

UMO-2017/25/N/HS4/01458 - PRELUDIUM

Początek: 2018-03-05, Koniec: 2021-03-04
Wartość projektu: 140 612,00 PLN

Consumers' preferences for demand side management in Poland

UMO-2017/25/N/HS4/01458 - PRELUDIUM

In Poland, year-after-year there is an increase in electricity demand. Technical constraints and the necessity to shut down old plants cause the problems for the Electrical System: power shortages and difficulties with balancing supply and demand. Electric Power Efficiency is high on the political agenda, what is expressed in regulations. The proposition that can make the system secure is the control of consumption. Demand Side Management (DSM) is a method to control the demand for electricity. It consists in the modification of consumer demand of electricity through various methods used by the distributor. DSM is not a popular approach in Poland. There is a need for investigating demand side flexibility and the results of DSM programs.

The main objective of the study is to evaluate the value consumers put in the change of their habits connected with electricity use (e.g. shifting consumption in time) and the impact of social norms of this value. It will examine the impact of social norms on the willingness to accept (WTA) energy demand management programs: external control and sharing of information about electricity usage. The study will evaluate potential disutility associated with the introduction of DSM. It will be the first research about consumers’ preferences toward DSM in Poland using the Choice Experiment (CE). It will open new field of studies: introduction of the social norms into theanalysis of DSM potential. It will expand conclusions from the Theory of Planned Behaviour.

The Choice Experiment method will be applied to analyze household attitudes to DSM inspired contracts. The research group consisting of 1000 participants will assure the representativeness. In the CE, consumers will imagine the hypothetical situation of having an automated metering infrastructure in their houses. Households will be faced with hypothetical electricity contracts and their choices will reveal preferences for different attributes of the contracts. By econometric methods it is then possible to explicitly estimate the compensations needed to be “flexible” in different dimensions at the household level. The dimensions of flexibility considered in the contracts are related to the types of electricity use (domestic electricity), time of the day (morning/evening) and dissemination of information about the usage of electricity. The social norms questionnaire will make it possible to analyse the impact of social norms on consumers’ choices about electricity usage.

DSM has many beneficial effects (both economic and environmental), including mitigating electrical system emergencies, increasing the reliability of the system and reducing the number of blackouts. Possible benefits can also include deferring high investments in generation, transmission and distribution networks. Demand Side mechanisms improve energy efficiency and help balance electricity supply and demand. The better understanding of consumers’ preferences toward DSM programs is needed to implement them in the most effective way.

The innovative character of the study is that the CE will be used to investigate the potential of using demand side management in Polish households. The results of the study will support company control demand as well as help the government's plans with implementing smart meters in Poland. In the study, it will be possible to estimate a value on the disutility a household experiences, for instance, from not being able to use the washing machine, or disutility from a lower/higher indoor temperature during the peak hours and the utility/disutility associated with peer comparisons of electricity consumption. These values are highly policy relevant by showing how much money households need to change habits, for example, moving electricity use from peak load hours. For the first time the impact of social norms on preferences toward DSM mechanisms will be examined.


Incentivizing skill formation via optimal tax and transfer policy: A theoretical analysis and its application to Polish data

UMO-2018/29/N/HS4/00320 - PRELUDIUM

Kierownik: Byra Łukasz, Opiekun: Cedro Monika
Początek: 2019-01-28, Koniec: 2021-01-27
Wartość projektu: 97 540,00 PLN

Incentivizing skill formation via optimal tax and transfer policy: A theoretical analysis and its application to Polish data

UMO-2018/29/N/HS4/00320 - PRELUDIUM

The  purpose  of  this  proposed  research  is  to  provide  better  understanding  of  how  various  tax  and transfer  policies  such  as  skill  formation  subsidies,  unemployment  benefits,  and  pensions  affect individual  skill  formation  choices  under  uncertainty. 

The  research  aims  at  providing  a  theoretical foundation  for  comparing  various  tax  and  transfer  policies  by  their  impact  on  skill  formation  and social  welfare  in  contemporary  welfare  states  in  general,  and  in  Poland  in  particular. 

Specifically, the  proposed  research  aims  at  providing  answers  to the  following  three  questions:  which  types  of tax and transfer policies can be successfully used to induce individuals to intensify skill formation under  uncertainty;  which  policy  (or  which  policy  mix)  is  the  most  efficient  at  inducing  skill formation  and/or  improving  social  welfare;  and  what  is  the  optimal  (welfare-maximizing)  level  of taxation  and  transfers  from  the  government  in  Poland.  The  answers  to  the  first  two  research questions  will  constitute  a  theoretical  foundation for  guiding  policy  choice  whenever  there  is concern regarding the impact of tax and transfer policies on individual skill formation.

The answer to the third research question will deliver a practical application of the model’s results for Poland


Ekonomiczna analiza praw człowieka w krajach postsocjalistycznych

0095/DIA/2016/45 - DIAMENTOWY GRANT

Kierownik: Lewczuk Anna, Opiekun: Lewandowska Magdalena
Początek: 2016-11-15, Koniec: 2020-11-14
Wartość projektu: 180 000,00 PLN

Ekonomiczna analiza praw człowieka w krajach postsocjalistycznych

0095/DIA/2016/45 - DIAMENTOWY GRANT

Celem naukowym projektu jest dokonanie wszechstronnej ekonomicznej analizy praw człowieka dla krajów postsocjalistycznych Europy i Azji. Proponowane badanie ma swoje
podstawy w teoriach rozwiniętych w ramach interdyscyplinarnych nurtów badawczych takich jak ekonomia konstytucyjna i ekonomiczna analiza prawa, oraz szerzej nowa ekonomia
instytucjonalna. Jest ono podzielone na cztery zasadnicze etapy. W pierwszym analizie poddany jest wpływ zakresu obowiązujących praw człowieka (de iure i de facto) na wzrost
gospodarczy państw socjalistycznych po 1989 roku. Zweryfikowana zostanie następująca hipoteza badawcza: respektowanie praw człowieka de facto w krajach postsocjalistycznych
ma pozytywny wpływ na wzrost gospodarczy tych państw. Przedmiotem badania w drugim etapie jest wpływ respektowania tych praw na poziom szczęścia i dochód mieszkańców w tej
grupie krajów w kontekście przebiegającej tam transformacji ustrojowej. Głównym pytaniem badawczym w tej części projektu jest: czy zakres respektowania praw człowieka de iure i de
facto wpływa na poziom szczęścia odczuwany przez mieszkańców krajów postsocjalistycznych? Trzecia część badania skoncentrowana jest na poszukiwaniu
determinantów zakresu ochrony praw człowieka w krajach postsocjalistycznych. Wśród czynników mogących wyjaśniać zakres ochrony praw de facto szczególny nacisk jest
położony na znaczenie praw de iure oraz na potencjalną rolę poziomu wzrostu gospodarczego, dobrobytu i dochodów w kraju. W końcu w czwartym etapie połączona
zostaje analiza determinantów i skutków praw człowieka w badanym kontekście. Dzięki temu możliwe będzie m.in. udzielenie odpowiedzi na pytania: czy władze w państwie zaczynają
respektować prawa człowieka, gdy staje się ono bogatsze, czy to prawa człowieka są jednym z czynników wzrostu gospodarczego, a może zależność można uznać za dwustronną.


Wyświetleń 71 do 80 (155 Razem)